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SGSOL: The SGTE alloy solution database - version 5.0, December 2010

General

Version 5 (2010) of SGTE soution database represents a significant update and revision of the previous version 4.3 (2007).

The 78 elements included in the database are:

Ag,   Al,   Am,   As,   Au,   B,   Ba,   Be,   Bi,   C,   Ca,   Cd,   Ce,   Co,   Cr,   Cs,   Cu,  Dy,   Er,   Eu,   Fe,   Ga,   Gd,   Ge,   Hf,   Hg,   Ho,   In,   Ir,   K,   La,   Li,   Lu,   Mg,  Mn,   Mo,   N,   Na,   Nb,   Nd,   Ni,   Np,   O,   Os,   P,   Pa,   Pb,   Pd,   Pr,   Pt,   Pu,  Rb,   Re,   Rh,   Ru,   S,   Sb,    Sc,   Se,   Si,   Sm,   Sn,   Sr,   Ta,   Tb,   Tc,   Te,   Th,  Ti,   Tl,   Tm,   U,   V,   W,   Y,   Yb,   Zn,   Zr

From among these elements, there are some 350 completely assessed binary alloy systems, of which over 40 are newly assessed systems and many others have been revised or amended on the basis of newly published experimental information. The database also includes about 120 ternary and higher-order systems for which assessed parameters are available for phases of practical relevance. The systems now incorporate approximately 180 different solution phases and 600 stoichiometric intermetallic compound phases.

This version of the SGTE Solution Database thus represents a significantly upgraded general alloy database. The database is intended to provide a sound basis for calculations relating to the production, heat treatment, constitution, and application of a wide range of alloy types.

All the assessed binary systems included in the SGTE alloy database are described over all ranges of composition and temperature, i.e. the assessed data provide a good description of the complete phase diagrams and thermodynamic properties for the binary alloy systems concerned.

Although a large number of ternary interaction parameters are included for the different phases in the database, these are in many cases associated only with phases rich in a particular metal. As such, care should be exercised in calculating phase equilibria for other composition ranges of multi-component alloys. By referring to the listing of systems and phases for which assessed parameters are available, the user can determine whether proposed calculations for a particular higher-order system will be based on a complete set of assessed binary and ternary parameters  (at best) or summation of binary parameters only (at worst). Clearly the latter case, or use of incompletely assessed data sets, can lead to incorrect or unreliable results.

In a binary system, if no assessed mixing parameters are available for a particular phase, the phase will be treated as ideal. Correspondingly, the properties of a ternary or higher-order phase will be calculated applying the appropriate models used in the database. This procedure may give useful results if the alloy compositions in question are close to a pure component or to a binary edge for which assessed data are available. However, results of calculations for other composition ranges should be treated with extreme caution.

Composition Ranges

The database is intended to allow calculation over all ranges of composition, although, as mentioned above, the assessed data are often most reliable for metal-rich composition ranges.

Temperature Ranges

The database is generally most reliable for the temperature range of approximately 200oC to 2000oC, although the assessed data for some alloys containing high melting point metals are reliable to still higher temperatures.

Modeling

In the assessments, the liquid phase has been described using a simple substitutional solution approach based on the Redlich-Kister-Muggianu polynomial expression. Most of the solid phases have been described using sublattice models which include interstitials and vacancies where appropriate.

Use of the Database

The phase diagrams of all the binary systems listed above have been checked.

References for SGSOL v5.0 Database

Binary Systems

Ag-Al

S S Lim, P L Rossiter and J W Tibballs; CALPHAD, 1995, 19(2), 131-142. “Assessment of the Al-Ag binary phase diagram”.

Ag-Au

S Hassam, M Gambino, M Gaune-Escard, J P Bros, J Agren; Metall. Trans. 1988, 19A, 409-416 “Experimental and calculated Ag+Au+Ge phase diagram”.

Ag-B

Data for the Ag-B system are from an unpublished assessment of Korb (2004) supplied by GTT to SGTE in 2005.

Ag-Ba

Data for the Ag-Ba system are from an unpublished assessment by P Y Chevalier and E Fischer (1995) supplied to SGTE, January 2005.

Ag-Be

Data for the Ag-Be system are from an unpublished assessment of Korb (2004) supplied by GTT to SGTE in 2005.

Ag-Bi

The data are from the assessment of Leo Lukas based on Zimmermann's original work (H L Lukas, B Zimmermann; Unpublished Work, 1998; B Zimmerman, Thesis, University of Stuttgart 1976 “Optimisation by experimental and calculation of the binary and ternary systems of Ag, Bi, Pb and Tl”).

Ag-C

Data for the Ag-C system are from an unpublished assessment of Korb (2004) supplied by GTT to SGTE in 2005.

Ag-Ca

Data for the Ag-Ca system are from an unpublished assessment by P Y Chevalier and E Fischer (1996) supplied to SGTE, January 2005.

Ag-Cd                

Data for the Ag-Cd system are from an unpublished assessment by P Y Chevalier (2004) supplied to SGTE, January 2005

Ag-Ce                

Data for the Ag-Ce system are from the assessment of Yin et al. (F Yin, M Huang, X Su, P Zhang, Z Li, Y Shi; J. Alloy Comp., 2002, 334, 154-158. “Thermodynamic assessment of the Ag-Ce (silver-cerium) system”).

Ag-Cr                

Data for the Ag-Cr system are from an unpublished assessment of T Jantzen (2004) supplied by GTT to SGTE in 2005.

Ag-Cu                

The data for the Ag-Cu system are from an update of Lukas (H L Lukas, Unpublished work, 1998) of his earlier assessment (F. H. Hayes, H. L. Lukas, G. Effenberg, and G. Petzow, Z. Metallkde. 77 (1986) 749-754) “A thermodynamic optimisation of the Cu-Ag-Pb system”.

Ag-Fe                

Data for the Ag-Fe system are from an unpublished assessment of Korb (2004) supplied by GTT to SGTE in 2005.

Ag-Ge                

P Y Chevalier; Thermochimica Acta 1988, 130, 25-32 “Critical assessment of thermodynamic data for the Silver-Germanium system”

Ag-In                

Z. Moser, W. Gasior, J. Pstrus, W. Zakulski, I.Ohnuma, X. J. Liu, Y. Inohana, K. Ishida: J. Electron. Mater. 30, 1120 (2001) plus remodelling of Ag2In, FCC & HCP

Ag-Ir

SGTE Noble metals database compiled by Philip Spencer

Ag-Mg                

SGTE Noble metals database compiled by Philip Spencer

Ag-Mn

Karakaya I; Thompson W T; Bull. Alloy Phase Diagrams, 1990, 11, (5), 480-486. "The Ag-Mn (silver-manganese) system"

Ag-Mo                

Unpublished assessment of J Korb (2004) supplied by GTT to SGTE in 2005

Ag-Nb

Data supplied to SGTE by GTT  by Juergen Korb, GTT-Technologies, 2004 and Tatjana Jantzen, GTT-Technologies, 2005.

Ag-Ni

Assessment by A.T. Dinsdale - 26/8/2004

Ag-Os

P J Spencer, private communication, June 1998

Ag-Pb                

The data for this system were critically assessed by Leo Lukas (Unpublished work, 2000) based on original work of Zimmermann (B Zimmerman, Thesis, University of Stuttgart 1976 “Optimisation by experimental and calculation of the binary and ternary systems of Ag, Bi, Pb and Tl”).

Ag-Pd

G. Ghosh, C Kantner, G B Olson; J. Phase Equilb. 1999, 20(3), 295-308

Ag-Pt

SGTE Noble metals database compiled by Philip Spencer

Ag-Rh

SGTE Noble metals database compiled by Philip Spencer

Ag-Ru

SGTE Noble metals database compiled by Philip Spencer

Ag-Sb                

E Zoro, C Servant, B Legendre "Thermodynamic modelling of the Ag-Au-Sb system", Journal of Phase equilibria and Diffusion, 2007, 28, 250-257

Ag-Sc

Data supplied by GTT

Ag-Si                

The data for the Ag-Si system are taken from the assessment of Chevalier (P Y Chevalier; Thermochimica Acta 1988, 113, 33-41 “Thermodynamic evaluation of the Silver-Silicon system”)

Ag-Sn                

The data for the Ag-Sn system are from the assessment of Oh et al (C-S Oh, J-H Shim, B-J Lee, D N Lee; J. Alloys Compounds, 1996, 238, 155-66 “A thermodynamic study on the Ag-Sb-Sn system”). Data for the fcc phase were modified by A T Dinsdale to accommodate changes to the data for fcc Sn. Liquid data revised by Andy Watson in the light of new enthalpies of mixing data. Further revision in order to raise eutectic temperature close to pure Sn

Ag-Sr

Y. Liu, D. Liang, J. Alloys and Compounds, 407, 74-77 (2006). Data provide by Thermodata, December 2006

Ag-Ti

Mei Li; Changrong Li; Fuming Wang; Weijing Zhang, CALPHAD, 2005, 29, 269-275. Second assessment used with AgTi treated as range of homogeneity. There is some small disagreement about some of the invariant temperatures

Ag-Tl

H L Lukas, unpublished reassessment based on data set collected in Zimmermanns thesis 1976 (1994)

Ag-V                

Data for the Ag-V system are from an unpublished assessment of Korb (2004) supplied by GTT to SGTE in 2005.

Ag-W                

Data for the Ag-W system are taken from an unpublished assessment of K Hack (2005) based on an assessment of Vijayakumar et al (M Vijayakumar, A M Sriramamurthy, S V  Nagender Naidu, CALPHAD 1988, 12(2), 177). The data were supplied by GTT to SGTE in 2005.

Ag-Zn                

The data for the Ag-Zn system are from the unpublished assessment by Suzana Fries and Victor Vitusiewicz, Jan 2002.  This is a revision of the assessment by T Gomez-Acebo CALPHAD 1998, 22(2), 203-220 “Thermodynamic assessment of the Ag-Zn system”. The latest assessment: V T Vitusiewicz, S G Fries, U Hecht, A Drevermann, S Rex; Int. J. Mat. Res.; 2006, 97(5), 556-568 “Enthalpies of formation measurements and thermodynamic description of the Ag-Cu-Zn system” has not been used because some of the data and models are incompatible with other data in the database.

Ag-Zr

SGTE Noble metals database compiled by Philip Spencer

Al-As                

The data for the Al-As system from the assessment of Ansara and Dutarte (I Ansara, D Dutartre, CALPHAD, 1984, 8(4), 323-342 “Thermodynamic study of the Al-Ga-As-Ge system”

Al-Au                

Data for the Al-Au system were taken from the assessment of Murray et al (J L Murray, H Okamoto and T B Massalski; Bulletin of Alloy Phase Diagrams 1987, 8(1), 20 “The Al-Au (Aluminium-Gold) system”) modified by A T Dinsdale to be consistent with the SGTE unary data and to prevent high temperature stability of fcc phase. Small change was made to data for ALAU by T Jantzen (2006) to prevent formation of FCC_A1 in centre of phase diagram. It is recommended that further work should be done on the data for the intermetallic compound phases.

Al-B                

The data for the Al-B system were from the assessment of Mirkovic et al (D Mirkovic, J Groebner, R Schmid-Fetzer, O Fabrichnaya, H L Lukas, J. Alloys Compounds, 2004, 384, 168-174 “Experimental study and thermodynamic reassessment of the Al-B system”)

Al-Be  

Zhu Pan; Yong Du; B Y Huang, Yong Liu, R C Wang CALPHAD, 2004, 28, 371-378

Al-Bi                

The data for the Al-Bi systems are from the assessment of McAlister (A J McAlister, Bulletin of Alloy Phase Diagrams, 1984, 5, 247-250 “The Al-Bi (Aluminium-Bismuth) System”)

Al-C                

The data for the Al-C system are from the assessment of Gröbner et al (J. Gröbner, H. L. Lukas, and F. Aldinger; Calphad 1996, 20, 247-254. “Thermodynamic Calculation of the Al-Si-C System”)

Al-Ca                

Data for the Al-Ca system are from the assessment of Anglezio et al. (J C Anglezio, C Servant, I Ansara; CALPHAD, 1994, 18(3), 273-309. “Contribution to the experimental and thermodynamic assessment of the Al-Ca-Fe-Si, Al-Ca-Si, Al-Fe-Si and Ca-Fe-Si systems”)

Al-Ce                

Data for the Al-Ce system are from an unpublished assessment of Cacciamani et al representing a revision of the assessment published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

Al-Co

N Dupin, I Ansara. La Revue de Metallurgie-CIT/Sceince et Genie des Materiaux, September 1998, 1121-1129. "Thermodynamic evaluation of the system Al-Co". There is a little uncertainty about the B2 data. The invariances are nearly the same as in the paper

Al-Cr                

Data for the Al-Cr system are taken from an unpublished assessment of N Saunders published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499). This assessment was itself based on the publication of Saunders and Rivlin (N Saunders, V G Rivlin, Z. Metallkde. 1987, 78(11), 795-801 “Thermodynamic characterization of Al-Cr, Al-Zr and Al-Cr-Zr alloy systems).

Al-Cu                

Taken from ACMSZ-1, based on unpublished assessment of N Saunders published in the COST507 final report COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499. Updates from V.T. Witusiewicz, U. Hecht, S.G. Fries, S. Rex, JALCOM 385 (2004) 133-143 (Al-Cu) and H.Liang, Y.A.Chang, JPE 19 (1998) 25-37 (Al-Cu-Zn).

Al-Dy

G. Cacciamani, S. De Negri, A. Saccone, R. Ferro, Intermetallics 11 (2003) 1135-1151. Data provided by Thermodata, December 2006

Al-Er

Data from Thermodata supplied to SGTE December 2007. G. Cacciamani, A. Saccone, S. De Negri, R. Ferro, J. Phase Equilibria, 23, 1 (2002) 38-50. High temperature miscibility gap in liquid .. but not really a problem

Al-Fe                

Data for the Al-Fe system were taken from an unpublished assessment of M Seiersten published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

Al-Ga                

Data for the Al-Ga system are from the critical assessment of Watson (A Watson CALPHAD 1992, 16(2), 207-217 “Re-assessment of phase diagram and thermodynamic properties of the Al-Ga system”

Al-Ge                 

Data for the Al-Ge system are from the critical assessment of Ansara et al (I Ansara; J P Bros; M Gambino; CALPHAD 1979, 3(3), 225 “Thermodynamic analysis of the germanium-based ternary systems”

Al-Hg                

The data for the Al-Hg system are based on the assessment of McAlister (A J McAlister; Bull. Alloy Phase Diagrams, 1985, 6, (3), 219-221 “The Al-Hg (Aluminum Mercury) System”).

Al-Ho

G. Cacciamani, S. De Negri, A. Saccone, R. Ferro, Intermetallics 11 (2003) 1135-1151. Data provided by Thermodata, December 2006

Al-In                

The data for the  Al-In system were assessed by Coughanowr, (Thesis, University of Florida) but reported in the paper by Ansara et al (I Ansara; C Chatillon; H L Lukas; T Nishizawa; H Ohtani; K Ishida; M Hillert; B Sundman; B B Argent; A Watson; T G Chart; T Anderson;  CALPHAD 1994, 18(4), 177-222 “A binary database for III-V compound semiconductor systems”).

Al-La

The data for the Al-La system are from the assessment of Wang Jixin  (Wang Jixin; CALPHAD, 1994, 18(3). 269-272 “Thermodynamic optimisation for the Al-La system”).

Al-Li                

Data for the Al-Li system are taken from an unpublished assessment of N Saunders published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

Al-Mg     

Update from ACMSZ, based on Y. Zhong, M. Yang, Z-K. Liu, CALPHAD 29 (2005) 303-311 with some modifications.

Al-Mn                

The data for Al-Mn system are from the assessment of Jansson (A Jansson, Report TRITA-MAC-0462, May 1991, Materials Research Centre, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm).

Al-Mo     

Data for the Al-Mo system are taken from an unpublished assessment of  N Saunders published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499). Data for the bcc_b2 phase (ALMO) were derived by B Sundman, 2001.

Al-N                

Data for the Al-N system are taken from an unpublished assessment of H L Lukas published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

Note: The bcc_a2 phase appears to be stable at high temperatures, therefore

           calculation with the gasphase (N2, Al).

Al-Nb                

Data for the Al-Nb system are from the assessment of Servant and Ansara (C Servant and  I Ansara; J. Chim. Phys. 1997, 94, 869-888 “Thermodynamic assessment of the Al-Nb system”).

Al-Nd                

Data for the Al-Nd system are from an unpublished assessment of Cacciamani et al representing a revision of the assessment published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

Al-Ni (BCC_B2)

Data for the Al-Ni system are from the assessment of Ansara et al (I Ansara, N Dupin, H L Lukas and B Sundman; J. Alloys Compounds 1997, 247, 20-30 “Thermodynamic assessment of the Al-Ni system”).

Al-P                

The data for the Al-P systems were from an unpublished assessment of H L Lukas reported in the paper by Ansara et al (I Ansara; C Chatillon; H L Lukas; T Nishizawa; H Ohtani; K Ishida; M Hillert; B Sundman; B B Argent; A Watson; T G Chart; T Anderson;  CALPHAD 1994, 18(4), 177-222 “A binary database for III-V compound semiconductor systems”).

Note: New dataset for AlP/ZINCBLENDE/ and optimized parameters for Al-P in LIQUID

Al-Pb                 

Data for the Al-Pb system are from the assessment of Yu et al (S-K Yu, F Sommer and B Predel; Zeit. Metallkde., 1996, 87(7), 574-580 “Isopiestic measurements and assessment of the Al-Pb system”

Al-Pr

F. Yin, X. Su, Z. Li, P. Zhang, Z. Metallkde, 92, 5 (2001) 447-450. Data from Thermodata - supplied to SGTE December 2007

Al-Pt

Kaisheng Wu and Zhangpeng Jin.  J Phase Equil.; 2000, 21(3), 221-226

Al-Ru                

Data for the Al-Ru systema re taken from an unpublished assessment by P Y Chevalier and E Fischer (1996) supplied to SGTE in Januray 2005.

Al-Sb                

The data for the Al-Sb system are from the assessment of Coughanowr et al (C A Coughanowr; U R Kattner; T J Anderson; CALPHAD, 1990, 14, (2), 193-202 “Assessment of the Al-Sb System”).

Al-Si                

Update from ACMSZ based on J. Groebner, H.L. Lukas, F. Aldinger, CALPHAD 20 (1996) 247-254. Some additions.

Al-Sm

Data supplied by Thermodata to SGTE - December 2007. A. Saccone, G. Cacciamani, D. Maccio, G. Borzone, R. Ferro, Intermetallics, 6 (1998) 201-215.

Al-Sn                

The Al-Sn data were taken from the assessment  of Fries et al (S. G.-Fries, H. L. Lukas, S. Kuang and G. Effenberg, Proc. “User Aspects of Phase Diagrams'”, F. Hayes ed., The Institute of Metals, London, 280-286 (1991). “Calculation of the Al-Zn-Sn Ternary System”).

Al-Sr

Chong Wang, Zhanpeng Jin, Yong Du. J. Alloys Compounds; 2003, 358, 288-293

Al-Ta                

The data for the Al-Ta system are from the assessment  of Du and Schmid-Fetzer (Y Du  R J Schmid-Fetzer R; J. Phase Equil. 1996, 17(4), 311-324. “Thermodynamic modelling of the Al-Ta system”).

Note: Some interaction parameters for the sigma phase were missing in the original paper.

Al-Th

Z.S. Li, X.J. Liu, M.Z. Wen, C.P. Wang, A.T. Tang, F.S. Pan, J. Nucl. Mater., 396, 170-75(2010).

Al-Ti                

Data for the Al-Ti system are from an unpublished assessment of N Saunders published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

Al-V                

Data for the Al-V system are from an unpublished assessment of N Saunders published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

Al-W                

Data for the Al-W system are from an unpublished assessment of N Saunders published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

Al-Y                

Data for the Al-Y system are taken from an unpublished assessment of Gröbner et al published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499). This assessment is based on earlier work by the same authors (J Gröbner; H L Lukas; F Aldinger; J. Alloys and Compd., 1995, 220(1-2), 8-14 “Thermodynamic Calculations In The Y-Al-C System”).

Al-Zn                

Data for the Al-Zn system are taken from the assessment of an Mey (S an Mey, Z. Metallkde.; 1993, 84(7), 451-455 “Re-evaluation of the Al-Zn system”).

Al-Zr                

Data for the Al-Zr system are from an unpublished assessment of N Saunders published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

As-Au                

Data for the As-Au system are from the  SGTE Noble metals database compiled by Philip Spencer

As-Ga                

The data for the As-Ga system are from the assessment of Chatillon et al (C Chatillon, I Ansara, A Watson and B B Argent, CALPHAD, 1990, 14(2), 203-14 “Re-assessment of the thermodynamic properties and phase diagrams of the Ga-As and In-As systems”).

As-Ge

I Ansara and D Dutartre, Calphad, 1984, 8(4), 323-342

As-In                

The data for the As-In system are from the assessment of Chatillon et al (C Chatillon, I Ansara, A Watson and B B Argent, CALPHAD, 1990, 14(2), 203-14 “Re-assessment of the thermodynamic properties and phase diagrams of the Ga-As and In-As systems”).

As-Ni

Assessment of the As-Cu-Ni system: An example from archaeology, S. Uhland, H. Lechtman, L. Kaufman, Calphad, 25, 1 (2001) 109-124

As-P                 

The data for the As-P system are from the paper by Ansara et al (I Ansara; C Chatillon; H L Lukas; T Nishizawa; H Ohtani; K Ishida; M Hillert; B Sundman; B B Argent; A Watson; T G Chart; T Anderson;  CALPHAD 1994, 18(4), 177-222 “A binary database for III-V compound semiconductor systems”).

As-Pb                

The data have assessed by Rannikko et al. (Rannikko H.; Sundström S.; Taskinen P.; Thermochimica Acta, 216, 1-14 (1993) “An Optimised Equilibrium Phase Diagram and Solution Thermodynamics of Arsenic-Lead Alloys”).

As-Sb                

The data for the As-Sb system are from the paper by Ansara et al (I Ansara; C Chatillon; H L Lukas; T Nishizawa; H Ohtani; K Ishida; M Hillert; B Sundman; B B Argent; A Watson; T G Chart; T Anderson;  CALPHAD 1994, 18(4), 177-222 “A binary database for III-V compound semiconductor systems”).

Au-B     

Data for the Au-B system are from an unpublished assessment by P Y Chevalier (1998) supplied to SGTE, January 2005.

Au-Bi                

The data for the Au-Bi system are from the assessment of Chevalier (P-Y Chevalier; Thermochimica Acta 1988, 130, 15-24 “Thermodynamic evaluation of the Gold-Bismuth system”).

Au-C                

Data for the Au-C system are from the  SGTE Noble metals database compiled by Philip Spencer.

Au-Co                

Data for the Au-Co system are from an unpublished assessment of Korb (2004) supplied by GTT to SGTE in 2005.

Au-Cr

from the noble metals database compiled by P J Spencer ~ 2000

Au-Cu     

The data for the Au-Cu system is from the assessment of Sundman et al (Sundman B.; Fries S G; Oates W A; CALPHAD, 22, (3), 335-354 (1998) “A Thermodynamic Assessment of the Au-Cu System - An example illustrating the need for more physics in CALPHAD Solution Models”). Two different datasets are given in the paper. The adopted assessment was derived by considering the chemical ordering.

Au-Ge                

The data for the Au-Ge system are from the assessment of Chevalier (P Y Chevalier; Thermochimica Acta 1989, 141, 217-226 “A Thermodynamic Evaluation of the Au-Ge and Au-Si systems”).

Au-Hf                

Data for the Au-Hf system are taken from the assessment of Du and Yang (Z Du, L Yang, J. Alloys Comp., 2003, 353, 213-216 “Thermodynamic assessment of the Au-Hf system”).

Au-In                

Based on Liu H.S. et.al. Calphad, 27 (2003) 27-37

Au-Ni

J Wang, X-G Lu, B Sundman, X Su CALPHAD, 2005, 29, 263-268

Au-Pb                

The data for the Au-Pb system were taken from the assessment of Nabot (J P Nabot, Thesis, LTPCM, Grenoble). The hcp_a3 data were added by A T Dinsdale (October 2006).

Au-Pd

SGTE Noble metals database compiled by Philip Spencer

Au-Pr

Zhenmin Du., Cuiping Guo, Dongxian Lu, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 364 (2004) 117-120. Data provided by Thermodata, December 2006. 

Au-Rh

SGTE Noble metals database compiled by Philip Spencer

Au-Ru

SGTE Noble metals database compiled by Philip Spencer

Au-Sb                

E Zoro, C Servant, B Legendre, Journal of Phase equilibria and Diffusion. v 28, n 3, p 250-7, June 2007. "Thermodynamic Modelling of the Ag-Au-Sb Ternary system" with some additions..

Au-Si                

The data for the Au-Si system is from an unpublished update by P Y Chevalier to his earlier assessment (Chevalier P Y; Thermochimica Acta, 1989, 141, 217-226 “A Thermodynamic Evaluation of the Au-Ge and Au-Si systems”).

Au-Sn                

Liu H S; Liu C L; Ishida K; Jin Z P; J. Electron. Mater. 2033, 32, 1290 referred to by Liu X J, Kinaka M, Takaku Y, Ohnuma I, Kainuma R, Ishida K; J. Electr. Mater.; 2005, 34(5), 670-679.  Modified to be consistent with adopted unary data - atd 21/10/2005.

Au-Te                

The adopted data for the Au-Te system are based on those assessed by Feutelais et al (Y Feutelais, D Mounai, J R Didry, B Legendre. J Phase Equilib., 1994, 15(4), 380-385 “The Gold-Tellurum system”). It was necessary to change the AuTe2 data considerably from that published in order to reproduce any of their diagrams.

Au-Tl                

The data for the Au-Tl system were taken from the assessment of Chevalier (P-Y Chevalier; Thermochimica Acta, 1989, 155, 211-225 “A Thermodynamic Evaluation of the Au-Sb and Au-Tl systems”. Interaction data for the hcp phase were included to prevent the phase from becoming incorrectly stable.

Au-Zn

Solders database - H S Liu, K Ishida, Z P Jin, Y Du. Intermetallics 2003, 11, 987-994

Au-Zr 

The data for the Au-Zr system are from the assessment of Su et al (X Su, F Yin, Z Li and Y Shi, Z. Metallkd., 2000, 91, 744-747 “Thermodynamic Assessment of the Zr-Au System”).

B-Ba

Shunli Shang, Tao Wang and Zi-Kui Liu. CALPHAD 2007, 31, 286-291

B-C     

Data for the B-C system were taken from the assessment of H. Bittermann published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

B-Ca

Shunli Shang, Tao Wang and Zi-Kui Liu. CALPHAD 2007, 31, 286-291

B-Co

Y. Du, J.C. Schuster, Y.A. Chang, Z. Jin, B. Huang, Z. Metallkd. 93 (2002) 1157-1163

B-Cr                

The data for the B-Cr system is from an unpublished assessment by Li-Mei Pan, (1991). Data for the bcc_a2 phase were modified by O Fabrichnaya, 2001 to allow interstitial solution of B in bcc Cr.

B-Cu

W.-W. Zhang, Y. Du, H. Xu, W. Xiong, Y. Kong, W. Sun, F. Pan, A. Tang, J. Phase Equilib. Diffus., 30, 480-84(2009).

B-Fe                

The data for the B-Fe system are taken from the assessment of Hallemans et al (B Hallemans, P Wollants, J R Roos; J. Phase Equil. 1995, 16(2), 137-149. “Thermodynamic assessment of the Fe-Nb-B phase diagram”, B Hallemans, P Wollants, J R Roos; Z. Metallkde, 1994, 85, 676-682 “Thermodynamic re-assessment and calculation of the Fe-B phase diagram”)

B-Hf     

The data for the Hf-B system were taken from the assessment of Bittermann and Rogl (H Bittermann, P Rogl, J. Phase Equilib.; 1997, 18(1), 24-47. “Critical assessment and thermodynamic calculation of the ternary system Boron-Hafnium-Titanium (B-Hf-Ti)”

B-Mg                

Data for the B-Mg system are from the assessment of Liu et al. (Z-K Liu, Y Zhong, D G Schlom, Calphad, 2001, 25(2), 299-303 “Computational thermodynamic modeling of the Mg-B system”).

B-Mo     

The data for the B-Mo system is from an unpublished assessment by Li-Mei Pan, (1991).

B-N     

Data for the B-N system were taken from the assessment of H. Wen and H L Lukas published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

B-Nd     

The data for the B-Nd system are from the assessment of Hallemans et al (B Hallemans, P Wollants and J R Roos; J. Phase Equilib. 1995, 16(2), 137-149 “Thermodynamic assessment of the Fe-Nb-B phase diagram”).

B-Ni     

The data for the B-Ni system is from an unpublished assessment by Li-Mei Pan, (1991).

B-Sc

P-Y Chevalier, 1998. Data for entropy contribution in intermetallic phases corrected by Peter Franke

B-Si                

Data for the B-Si system were taken from the assessment of S G Fries and H L Lukas published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

B-Sr

Shunli Shang, Tao Wang and Zi-Kui Liu. CALPHAD 2007, 31, 286-291

B-Ti                

Data for the B-Ti system were taken from the assessment of C Bätzner published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

B-U

P Y Chevalier, E Fischer; J. Nucl. Mater.; 2001, 288, 100-129. "Thermodynamic modelling of the C-U and B-U binary systems"

B-V                

The data for the B-V system is from an unpublished assessment by Li-Mei Pan, (1991).

B-W                

The data for the B-W system are from the assessment of Duschanek and Rogl (H Duschanek, P Rogl; J. Phase Equil.; 1995, 16(2), 150-161 “Critical Assessment and Thermodynamic Calculation of the Binary System Boron-Tungsten (B-W)”).

B-Zr

Thermodata data supplied to SGTE - July 2005

Ba-Cu                

The data for the Ba-Cu system were taken from the assessment of Konetzki et al (Konetzki R, Schmid-Fetzer R; Watson A; Argent B; Fries S G, Lukas H L; Z. Metallkde.; 1993, 84(8), 569-573. “The Ba-Cu binary system”).

Ba-Eu

H. Okamoto, J. Phase Equilibria 12 (1991) 698

Ba-Ru                

The data for the Ba-Ru system is taken from an unpublished assessment of P Y Chevalier and E Fischer (1995) supplied to SGTE in January 2005.

Ba-Sr

Unpublished work, O Fabrichnaya 2001

Ba-Y

R.Konetzki, R. Schmid-Fetzer, S. G. Fries, H. L. Lukas, Z. Metallkd. 85 (1994) 748-755

Bi-Cu                

Data for the Bi-Cu system are taken from the assessment by Teppo et al.

(Teppo, Niemela, Taskinen, Report TKK-V-B50, 1989, HUT). The same authors also reassessed the data (Teppo O; Niemela J; Taskinen P; Thermochim.Acta, 1990, 173, 137-150 “An Assessment of the Thermodynamic Properties and Phase Diagram of the system Bismuth-Copper”).

Bi-Ga                

Data for the Bi-Ga system are from the assessment of Girard (C. Girard, Thesis, Marseille 1985)

Bi-Ge                

The data for the Bi-Ge system are from the assessment of Chevalier (P Y Chevalier; Thermochimica Acta, 1988, 132, 111-116 “Thermodynamic Evaluation of the Bismuth-Germanium system”)

Bi-Hg                

Data for the Bi-Hg system are from an unpublished assessment of S A Mucklejohn.

Bi-In                

The data for the Bi-In system are based on the assessment of Chevalier (P Y Chevalier, CALPHAD 1989, 12(4), 383-392 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Bi-In system”) and has also been quoted by Boa and Ansara; (D Boa, I Ansara, Thermochimica Acta 1998, 314, 79-86 “Thermodynamic Assessment of the Ternary System Bi-In-Pb”). Some of the parameters in the database are slightly different from those published. The data were modified by A T Dinsdale (2000) to correct for an error in the data for BiIn2. Data for the hcp_a3 and tet_alpha1 phases were added by A T Dinsdale (October 2006). Updates from SOLDERS database - AW 2010

Bi-K                 

Data for the Bi-K system were taken from an assessment of Chevalier (Thermodata report 54.90/PYC/mm, March 1990).

Bi-Ni

Solders database - Assessed by Vassilev, Romanowska and Wnuk,  private communication, 2006 - inc updates

Bi-Pb                

The data for the Bi-Pb system were from an unpublished assessment by H L Lukas reported by Boa and Ansara, (D Boa, I Ansara, Thermochimica Acta 1998, 314, 79-86 “Thermodynamic Assessment of the Ternary System Bi-In-Pb”). Data for the tet_alpha1 phase and tetragonal_a6 phases were added by A T Dinsdale (October 2006).

Bi-Pd

Solders database - J. Vrestal, J. Pinkas, A. Watson,  A. Scott, J. Houserova, A. Kroupa "Assessment of the Thermodynamic Properties and Phase Diagram of the Bi-Pd System" CALPHAD 30(1) 14-17 (2006)

Bi-Sb                

Data for the Bi-Sb system are from the assessment of Ohtani and Ishida (H Ohtani, K Ishida; J. Electronic Materials, 1994, 23(8), 747-755 “A Thermodynamic Study of the Phase Equilibria in the Bi-Sn-Sb System”)

Bi-Si                

The data for the Bi-Si system are taken from the assessment of Olesinski and Abbaschian (R W Olesinski, G J Abbaschian, Bulletin of Alloy Phase Diagrams 1985, 6(4), 359-361 “The Bi-Si (Bismuth-Silicon) System)

Bi-Sn                

Solders database - From J Vizdal, February 2006. Modified version of assessment of H. Ohtani, K. Ishida: Journal of Electronic Materials, 1994, 23(8), 747-755 (More significant places reported by D Malakhov, X J Liu, I Ohnuma, R Kainuma, H Ohtani, K Ishida, Mat. Trans. 2002, 43, 1879).  Later experimental work by Vizdal showed that the solubiity of Bi in bct Sn is rather lower than originally thought. This was remodelled and caused minor changes to the data for the liquid and rhombohedral phases.

Bi-Tl                

Data for the Bi-Tl system were from an unpublished assessment of Lukas based on an earlier assessment of Zimmermann et al. (Zimmermann B; Henig E T; Lukas H L; Z. Metallkde., 1976, 67(12), 815-820 “The system Ag-Bi-Tl, calculation of part of the system, binary optimisations (Ag-Bi, Ag-Tl, Bi-Tl, Ag-Bi-Tl)”)

Bi-Zn                

Data for the Bi-Zn system were taken from the assessment of Malakhov (D Malakhov, CALPHAD 2000, 24(1), 1-14 “Thermodynamic Assessment of the Bi-Zn System”)

C-Co                

Data for the C-Co system were assessed by A Fernandez Guillermet, Z. Metallkde., 1987, 78, 700-9 “Thermodynamic analysis of the Co-C system”. This assessment was referred to by Weidling Jansson (A Weidling and B Jansson, CALPHAD 1997, 21(3), 321-333 “A Thermodynamic Evaluation of the Co-Cr and the C-Co-Cr systems”).

C-Cr                

Data for the C-Cr system are from the assessment of Lee (B J Lee CALPHAD 1992, 16(2), 121-149 “On the Stability of Cr carbides”). This assessment was referred to by Weidling and Jansson (A Weidling and B Jansson, CALPHAD 1997, 21(3), 321-333 “A Thermodynamic Evaluation of the Co-Cr and the C-Co-Cr systems”). Data for the CBCC_A12 and CUB_A13 phases are from the assessment of Lee (B J Lee, Metall. Trans. A; 1993, 24A, 1017-1025. “A Thermodynamic Evaluation of the Fe-Cr-Mn-C system”).

C-Cu                

Data for the C-Cu system are from the unpublished assessment by A T Dinsdale, January 2004

C-Fe                

Data for the C-Fe system are taken from the assessment of Gustafson (P Gustafson, Report TRITA-MAC-0237, October 1984, Scand. J. Metall.; 1985, 14, 259-267 “A Thermodynamic Evaluation of the Iron-Carbon system”). Data for other phases not stable in the binary system are taken from assessments by Huang (W. Huang, Report TRITA-MAC 411 (Rev 1989); Metall. Trans. A; 1990,  21A, 2115-2123 “A Thermodynamic Assessment of the Fe-Mn-C system”), Huang (W. Huang, TRITA-MAC 441 (1990), Metall. Trans. A, 1991, 22A(9), 1911-1920 “Thermodynamic Properties of the Fe-Mn-V-C System”), Lee (B-J Lee, unpublished revision of data for the C-Cr-Fe-Ni system (1991)), and Du and Hillert (H. Du, M. Hillert, Z. Metallkde., 1991, 82(4), 310-316 “An Assessment of the Fe-C-N System”, H. Du, J. Phase Equilibria, 1993, 14(6), 682-693 “A Reevaluation of the Fe-N and Fe-C-N systems”. The data for the V3C2 phase were modified to be 10 J/mol more positive than those for the M3C2 phase.  The data for the liquid data were modified by Tatjana Buhler to prevent bcc phase from becoming stable at high temperatures.

C-Hf                

The data for the C-Hf system were taken from the assessment of Bitterman and Rogl (H Bitterman, P Rogl, J Phase Equil. 1997, 18(4), 344-356 “Critical assessment and thermodynamic calculation of the binary system Hafnium-Carbon (Hf-C)”).

C-Ir                

Data for the C-Ir system are from an unpublished assessment of Korb (2004) supplied by GTT to SGTE in 2005.

C-Mn                

The data for the C-Mn system were taken from the assessment of Huang (W. Huang, Report TRITA-MAC 411 (Rev 1989); Metall. Trans. A; 1990,  21A, 2115-2123 “A Thermodynamic Assessment of the Fe-Mn-C system” and W. Huang, TRITA-MAC 441 (1990), Metall. Trans. A, 1991, 22A(9), 1911-1920 “Thermodynamic Properties of the Fe-Mn-V-C System”).

C-Mo                

The data for the C-Mo system were from the assessment of Andersson (J-O Andersson, Report TRITA-MAC 0317, CALPHAD 1988, 12, 1-8. (1986) “Thermodynamic properties of Mo-C”. Enhancements were made by Andersson (J-O Andersson, Report TRITA-MAC 0321 (1986), CALPHAD 1988, 12(1), 9-23 “A Thermodynamic Evaluation of the Fe-Mo-C system” and Caian Qui (Caian Qui, Report TRITA-MAC 482 (1992), (Hillert M, Qiu C.; J. Phase Equil., 1992, 13(5), 512-521 “A Reassessment of the Fe-Cr-Mo-C system”). BCC-parameters were changed by Peter Franke (2008) to prevent bcc becoming more stable than the liquid below 6000 K. The data for the cementite phase was changed by Peter Franke in order to prevent cementite becoming more stable than the liquid below 6000 K.

C-N                

The data for this system are assumed to be ideal.

C-Nb

Data for the C-Nb system are taken from the assessments of Huang (W. Huang, Mater. Sci. and Techn. 1990, 6(8), 687-694 “Thermodynamic Evaluation of Niobium-Carbon system”, W. Huang, Report TRITA-MAC 390 (1989); Z. Metallkde. 1990, 81(6), 397-404 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Fe-Nb-C system”). Note - the bcc phase becomes stable incorrectly at high temperatures.

Note: The bcc_a2 phase appears to be stable at high temperatures.

C-Ni                

Data for the C-Ni system are from the assessment of Lee (B J Lee, CALPHAD, 1992, 16(2), 121-149 “On the stability of Cr carbides”). Data for bcc modified by Peter Franke. With original data bcc becomes more stable than the liquid at higher T but with the present change this occurs above 6000 K. These data adopted for compatibility with ternary systems

C-Os                

Data for the C-Os system are from an unpublished assessment of Korb (2004) supplied by GTT to SGTE in 2005.

C-P                

Data for the C-P system are from the assessment of Gustafson (P Gustafson, Inst. Met. Res. (Report IM-2549, 1990)).

C-Pb                

Data for the C-Pb system are from an unpublished assessment of Chart (T G Chart, NPL 1987).

C-Pd                

Data for the C-Pd system are from an unpublished assessment of Korb (2004), updated by Jantzen (2005), supplied by GTT to SGTE in 2005.

C-Pt                

Data for the C-Pt system are from an unpublished assessment of Korb (2004), updated by Jantzen (2005), supplied by GTT to SGTE in 2005.

C-Pu

E. Fischer, Calphad, 32, 371-77(2008). The modelling of PUC_B1 is not ok. The standard FCC_A1 model should be used. The Pu end point of PUC_B1 is identical to fcc-Pu, but here it is modelled relative to bcc-Pu.

C-Rh                

Data for the C-Rh system are from an unpublished assessment of Korb and Jantzen (2004), supplied by GTT to SGTE in 2005.

C-Ru                

Data for the C-Ru system are from an unpublished assessment of Korb and Jantzen (2004), supplied by GTT to SGTE in 2005.

C-Si                

Assessment of Ansara, 1989, cited in [91Lac] replaced by assessment of J. Groebner, H.-L. Lukas, F. Aldinger, Calphad 20 (1996) 247-254; carbon solubility in molten Si is significant lower than in [89Ans]. bcc_a2 data changed by Peter Franke because the phase became stable above 4000 K.

C-Ta

K Frisk, A Fernandez Guillermet, J. Alloys and Compounds 1996, 238, 167-179

C-Ti                

Update from steel11f, based on L.F.S. Dumitrescu, M. Hillert, B. Sundman, Z. Metallkd. 90 (1999), 534-541;

C-V                

The data for the C-V system are taken from the assessment of Weiming Huang (Huang W, Z. Metallkde, 1991, 82, (3), 174-181 “An Assessment of the V-C System”). Additional data are from further work by W. Huang (W. Huang, Report TRITA-MAC 441 (1990)) and Lee (B-J Lee, Report TRITA-MAC 475 (1991).

C-W                

The data for the C-W system are taken from the assessment of Gustafson (P Gustafson, Report TRITA 0212 (1985), Mat. Sci and Tech. 1986, 2(7), 653-658 “Thermodynamic Evaluation of Carbon-Tungsten system”. Data for other phases were assessed by Gustafson as part of the assessment of high order systems (P Gustafson, Report TRITA-MAC 331 (1987), Z. Metallkde. 1988, 79(7), 421-425 “A Thermodynamic Evaluation of the C-Fe-Mo-W system”; P Gustafson, Report TRITA-MAC 348 (1987), Metall. Trans. A 1988, 19(10), 2547-2554 “A Thermodynamic Evaluation of the C-Cr-Fe-W system”; P Gustafson, Report TRITA-MAC 330 (1987), Z. Metallkde, 1988, 79(6), 397-402 “A Thermodynamic Evaluation of the C-Mo-W system”)

C-Zn

M Hämäläinen, I Isomäki, J. Alloys Comp., 2005, 392, 220-224

C-Zr

A Fernandez Guillermet; J. Alloys Compounds, 1995, 217, 69-89

Ca-Cu                

The data for the Ca-Cu system is from an assessment by Risold et al (Risold D; Hallstedt B; Gauckler L J; Lukas H L; Fries S G; CALPHAD 1996, 20(2), 151-160 “Thermodynamic Optimization of the Ca-Cu and Sr-Cu systems”)

Ca-Ga

Thermodynamic description of the Ca-Ga system, J.F. Wang, W.X. Yuan, X. Zhao, W.L. Qian, Z.F. Cai, CALPHAD 31 (2007) 120-124

Ca-Li

Shengjun Zhang, Dongwon Shin and Zi-Kui Liu, CALPHAD, 2003, 27, 235-241

Ca-Mg                

The data for the Ca-Mg system are taken from the assessment of Agarwal et al (Agarwal R, Lee J J, Lukas H L, Sommer F, Z. Metallkde 1995, 86, 103-108 “Calorimetric Measurements and Thermodynamic Optimization of the Ca-Mg system”)

Ca-Ru                

The data for the Ca-Ru system is taken from an unpublished assessment of P Y Chevalier and E Fischer (1996) supplied to SGTE in January 2005.

Ca-Si                

Data for the Ca-Si system are taken from the assessment of Anglezio et al (Anglezio J C, Servant C, Ansara I; CALPHAD, 1994, 18(3), 273-309 “Contribution to the experimental and thermodynamic assessment of the Al-Ca-Fe-Si, Al-Ca-Si, Al-Fe-Si and Ca-Fe-Si systems”)

Ca-Zn

C.O. Brubaker, Z.-K. Liu: Calphad 25 (2001) 381-390.

Cd-Ga                

Data for the Cd-Ga system are from the assessment of Zakulski et al (Zakulski W, Moser Z, Rzyman K, Lukas H L, Fries S G, Sikiennik M, Kaczmarczyk R, Castanet R; J. Phase Equil. 1993,14(2),184-196 “Thermodynamic studies and phase diagrams of the Cd-Ga-In system”

Cd-Ge

E Dichi, G Morgant, B Legendre and S G Fries, Z. Metallkde., 2001, 92(9), 1078

Cd-Hg                

Data for the Cd-Hg system are the assessment of Jang et al (Jang J, Silk N J, Watson A, Bryant A W, Chart T G, Argent B B, CALPHAD, 1995, 19(3), 415-430. “The thermodynamics and phase diagrams of the Cd-Hg and Cd-Hg-Te systems”)

Cd-In                

Data for the Cd-In system are from the assessment of Zakulski et al (Zakulski W, Moser Z, Rzyman K, Lukas H L, Fries S G, Sikiennik M, Kaczmarczyk R, Castanet R; J. Phase Equil. 1993,14(2),184-196 “Thermodynamic studies and phase diagrams of the Cd-Ga-In system”

Cd-Pb                

Data for the Cd-Pb system are from the assessment of Zakulski and Moser (W Zakulski, Z Moser, J. Phase Equilib, 1995, 16(3), 239-242; W Zakulski, Z Moser, J. Phase Equilib, 1995, 16(6), 484 “A calculation of the Cd-Pb (Cadmium-Lead) system”).

Cd-Sb                

The data for the Cd-Sb system are taken from the assessment of Zabdyr (L A Zabdyr, CALPHAD 1997, 21(3), 349 “Phase equilibria in ternary Cd-Sb-Zn system”).

Cd-Zn                

The data for the Cd-Zn system are taken from the assessment of Zabdyr (L A Zabdyr, CALPHAD 1997, 21(3), 349-358 “Phase equilibria in ternary Cd-Sb-Zn system”). This represents a revison of his earlier assessment: L Zabdyr, W Zakulski, Arch. Metall.; 1993, 38(1), 3-18 “Thermodynamics and phase diagram of the Cd-Zn system. Critical re-evaluation by Lukas method”.

Ce-Co                

The data for the Ce-Co system are taken from the assessment of Xuping Su et al. (Xuping Su, Weijing Zhnag and Zhenmin Du, J. Alloys Compounds 1998, 267, 121-127 “A thermodynamic modelling of the Co-Ce system”).

Ce-Cu                

The data for Cu-Ce systems are taken from the assessment of Zhuang et al (Zhuang W, Qiao Z Y, Wei S, Shen J; J. Phase Equilib, 1996, 17(6), 508-521 “Thermodynamic Evaluation of the Cu-R (R: Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm) binary systems”). Note: the bcc and fcc phases have missing interactions. The phases may be classified as ideal without problem in calculation of the binary systems but may not extrapolate well into multicomponent systems.

Ce-Mg                

Data for the Ce-Mg system are from an unpublished assessment of G Cacciamani, A Saccone and R Ferro published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499). The interaction value for the hcp_a3 phase was modified by Alan Dinsdale (2001) to be consistent with the new data for hcp_a3 Ce.

Ce-Mn

C. Tang, Y. Du, L. Zhang, H. Xu, Z. Zhu, JALCOM., 437, 102-106 (2007).

Ce-Ni

Z. Du, L. Yang, G. Ling, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 375 (2004) 186-190. Data provided by Thermodata, December 2006

Ce-Sb

X. Su, J.-C. Tedenac, Calphad, 30, 455-60(2006). The fcc interaction from 06Su is not acceptable. It should probably be negative.

Ce-Y

Cuiping Guo, Zhenmin Du, Changrong Li; Int. J. Mat. Res. 2008, 99(6), 650-668. "Thermodynamic description of the Ce-Mg-Y and Mg-Nd-Y systems"

Co-Cr                

The data from Co-Cr system are taken from the assessment of Weidling and Jansson (A Weidling, B Jansson, CALPHAD 1997, 21(3), 321-333 ”A thermodynamic evaluation of the Co-Cr and C-Co-Cr systems”).

Co-Cu                

Data for the Co-Cu system are taken from the assessment by Nishizawa and Ishida (T Nishizawa, K Ishida; Bull. Alloy Phase Diagrams, 1984, 5(2), 161-5 “The Co-Cu(Cobalt-Copper) system”. The data were modified to be consistent with SGTE unary data.

Co-Dy

Xuping Su, Weijing Zhang, Zhenmin Du, Yuzhi Zhuang. Report F-96-02 May 1996, University of Science and Technology, Beijing. Minor discrepancies in invariant reactions probably because of new unary data now used for Dy. Slight problem with low temperature stability of two of the compounds

Co-Fe                

Data for the Co-Fe system were taken from the assessment of Fernandez Guillermet (A. Fernandez Guillermet, Report TRITA-MAC 324 (1986), High Temp. High Press. 1988, 19, 477-499  “Critical evaluation of the Thermodynamic Properties of the Iron-Cobalt system”). Data for Fe4N phase were introduced by A T Dinsdale (17/5/1999).

Co-Ga

J Grobner, R Wenzel, G G Fischer and R Schmid-Fetzer. J Phase Equil; 1999, 20(6), 615-625

Co-Gd

Zi-Kui Liu, Wejing Zhang, B Sundman.  J. Alloys and Compounds 1995, 226, 33-45. Assessed for use with old unary data for Gd. Some of the invariances are too low on the Gd side of diagram

Co-Ge                

Data for the Co-Ge system are from an unpublished assessment of Korb (2004), supplied by GTT to SGTE in 2005.

Co-In

D Boa, B K Dongui, I Ansara, Calphad 25 (2001) 645-650

Co-Mn                

Data for the Co-Mn system were taken from the assessment of Huang (W. Huang, Report TRITA-MAC 386, CALPHAD 1989, 13, 231-242 “An Assessment of the Co-Mn System”).

Co-Mo

A Davydov and U R Kattner. J. Phase Equilibria 1999, 20(1), 5-16 revised J. Phase Equilibria 2003, 24(3), 209-211. This dataset uses the three sublattice model for the mu phase

Co-N                

Data for the Co-N system are taken from the assessment of Fernandez Guillermet and Jonsson (A Fernandez Guillermet, S Jonsson, Z. Metallkde., 1992, 83, 21-31 “Predictive Approach to Thermodynamic Properties of Co Nitrides and phase stability in the Co-N system”).  Interaction data for the FE4N phase were introduced by A T Dinsdale (17/5/99) for compatibility with the Fe-N data.

Co-Nb                

Data for the Co-Nb system are from the assessment of Hari Kumar et al. (Kumar K C H; Ansara I, Wollants P, Delaey L; J. Alloys Compd., 1998, 267(1-2), 105-112 ”Thermodynamic Optimisation of the Co-Nb system”).

Co-Ni

Data for the Co-Ni system are from the assessment of Fernandez Guillermet (A Fernandez Guillermet, Report TRITA-MAC 324B (1986), Z Metallkde, 1987, 78, 639-647 “Assessment of the thermodynamic properties of the Ni-Co system”).

Co-Pd

G Ghosh, C Kantner and G B Olson. J Phase Equil. 1999, 20(3), 295-308. The Dataset gives a miscibility gap in the fcc phase at lower temperatures. It is not clear whether this is correct.

Co-Pt

P Spencer, private communication (1990)

Co-Sb

Y. Zhang, C. Li, Z. Du, T. Geng, Calphad, 32, 56-63(2008).

Co-Si

Experimental investigation and thermodynamic description of the Co-Si system", Lijun Zhang, Yong Du, Honghui Xu, Zhu Pan, Calphad, Vol. 30(4),  470-481, 2006

Co-Sm                

Data for the Co-Sm system are from the assessment of Xuping Su et al (Xuping Su, Weinjing Zhang, Guoquan Liu, Zhenmin Du; J. Alloys Compounds 1998, 267, 149-153 “A Thermodynamic Assessment of the Co-Sm system”

Co-Sn

L. Liu, C. Andersson, J. Liu, J. Electron. Materials, 33(9), 935-939 (2004).

Co-Ta                

Data for the Co-Ta system are taken from the assessment of Liu and Chang (Z-Kui Liu, Y A Chang; CALPHAD 1999, 23(3-4), 339-356 “Thermodynamic Assessment of the Co-Ta system”).

Co-Ti

G Cacciamani, R Ferro, I Ansara, N Dupin, Intermetallics" 2000, 8(3), 213-222. "Thermodynamic modeling of the Co-Ti system"

Co-V

J Bratberg, B Sundman; J. Phase Equil.; 2003, 24(6), 495-503. "A Thermodynamic assessment of the Co-V system"

Co-W                

Data for the Co-W system are taken from the assessment of Fernandez Guillermet (A. Fernandez Guillermet, Report TRITA-MAC 371 (1988), Metall. Trans. 1989, 20A, 935-956 “Thermodynamic properties of the Co-W-C system”).  Data for other phases were provided by Gustafson (P. Gustafson, Report TRITA-MAC 330 (1987), Z. Metallkde, 1988, 79(6), 397-402 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the C-Mo-W System”) and Jansson (B. Jansson, IM report (1987)).

Co-Y

W. Golumbfskie, Zi-Kui Liu, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 407 (2006) 193-200.

Co-Zn                

Data for the Co-Zn system are taken from the assessment of Vassilev and Jiang (G.P. Vassilev, M. Jiang, J. Phase Equil. and Diffusion 2004, 25, 259-268. “Thermodynamic optimization of the Co-Zn system”).

Co-Zr

N Saunders, P Miodownik, J. Mat. Research 1986, 1, ??. Modified by atd for use with SGTE unary data

Cr-Cu                

Data for the Cr-Cu system are from the assessment of Zeng and Hamalainen (Zeng K, Hamalainen M; CALPHAD, 1995, 19(1), 93-104 “Thermodynamic analysis of stable and metastable equilibria in the Cu-Cr system”).

Cr-Fe                

The data for the Cr-Fe system are from the assessment of Andersson and Sundman (J-O Andersson, B. Sundman, Report TRITA 0270 (1986), CALPHAD 1987, 11, 83-92 “Thermodynamic properties of the Cr-Fe system”). The data were revised slightly by Lee (B J Lee CALPHAD 1993, 17, 251 “Revision of thermodynamic descriptions of the Fe-Cr And Fe-Ni liquid phases”). Data for the High Sigma phase are also from Lee (B J Lee, Metall. Trans. A 1993, 24A, 1919-1933 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Cr-Mn and Fe-Cr-Mn systems”).

Cr-Ga

J Grobner, R Wenzel, G G Fischer and R Schmid-Fetzer. J Phase Equil; 1999, 20(6), 615-625

Cr-La

E. Povoden, M. Chen, A.N. Grundy, T. Ivas, L.J. Gauckler, J. Phase Equilib. Diffus., 30, 12-27(2009)

Cr-Mg                

Data for the Cr-Mg system are from an unpublished assessment of I Ansara published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

Cr-Mn                

Data for the Cr-Mn system are from the assessment by Lee (B J Lee, Metall. Trans. A 1993, 24A, 1919-1933 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Cr-Mn and Fe-Cr-Mn systems”).

Cr-Mo                

The data for the Cr-Mo system are from an assessment by Frisk (K. Frisk, Report D 60, KTH, (1984))

Cr-N                

Data for Cr-N system are from an assessment by Frisk (Frisk K; Report TRITA-MAC 393 (1989), CALPHAD, 1991, 15(1), 79-106 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Cr-N, Fe-N, Mo-N and Cr-Mo-N systems”).

Cr-Nb                

Data for the Cr-Nb system were taken from an assessment of Costa Neto et al (Costa Neto J G, Fries S G, Lukas H L, Gama S, Effenberg G; CALPHAD 1993, 17(3), 219-228 “Thermodynamic optimisation of the Nb-Cr system”).

Cr-Ni                

Data for the Cr-Ni system were from an unpublished assessment by T G Chart, D D Gohil and A T Dinsdale. Data for the HCP phase were derived by Ansara et al (Ansara I, Dupin N, Joubert J M, Latroche M, Percheron-Guegan A; J. Phase Equilib., 1998, 19(1), 6-10. “Thermodynamic study of the Cr-Ni-Zr system”). Cr2Ni data from P.E.A. Turchi, L. Kaufman, Z.-K. Liu, Calphad 30 (2006) 70-87.  Other updates from P. Franke

Cr-P                

Data for the Cr-P system are from the assessment by Miettinen (J Miettinen, CALPHAD 1999, 23(1), 141-154 “Thermodynamic description of Cr-P and Fe-Cr-P systems at low phosphorus contents”).  The data for the M3P phase were modified by A T Dinsdale (25/2/99).

Cr-Pd

G Ghosh and G B Olson; J Phase Equilib; 2000, 21(1), 32-39

Cr-Pt

P J Spencer, Unpublished work (1998)

Cr-Ru                

Data for the Cr-Ru system are from an unpublished assessment of P Y Chevalier and E Fischer (1998) supplied to SGTE in January 2005

Cr-Si                

Y. Du, J.C. Schuster, J. Phase Equilibria 21 (2000) 281-286

Cr-Sn

R Jerlerud Perez, B Sundman, Calphad 25 (2001) 59-6

Cr-Ta

Data for the Cr-Ta system are from the assessment of Dupin and Ansara (N Dupin, I Ansara, Z. Metallkde 1996, 87(7), 555-561 “Thermodynamic Assessment of the Cr-Ni-Ta System”).

Note: LAVES_C15 only stable at higher as 515 K!

Cr-Ti                

Data for the Cr-Ti system are from an unpublished assessment of N Saunders published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499). Updates from steel11f. and G. Ghosh, J. Phase Equilibria 23 (2002) 310-328; Cr-Ti-V

Cr-V                

Data for the Cr-V system are from the assessment of Lee (B J Lee, Z. Metallkde.; 1992, 83(5), 292-299 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Fe-Cr-V system”).

Cr-W                

Data for the Cr-W system are from the assessment of  Gustafson (P. Gustafson, Report TRITA-MAC 320 (1986), CALPHAD 1988, 12(3), 277-292 “A Thermodynamic evaluation of the Cr-Ni-W system”).

Cr-Zn                

Data for the Cr-Zn system are from an unpublished assessment of I Ansara published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

Cr-Zr                

Data for the Cr-Zr system are the assessment of Zeng et al (Zeng K, Hamalainen M, Luoma R, Z. Metallkde., 1993, 84(1), 23-28 “A thermodynamic assessment of the Cr-Zr system”). The data for the fcc phase were from Ansara et al (Ansara I, Dupin N, Joubert J M, Latroche M, Percheron-Guegan A; J. Phase Equilib., 1998, 19(1), 6-10. “Thermodynamic study of the Cr-Ni-Zr system”)

Cs-K                

Data for the Cs-K system are from an unpublished assessment of M H Rand (AERE Harwell, report)

Cs-Na                

Data for the Cs-Na system are from an unpublished assessment of M H Rand (AERE Harwell, report)

Cs-Rb                

Data for the Cs-Rb system are from an unpublished assessment of M H Rand (AERE Harwell, report)

Cu-Eu

L G Zhang, L B Liu, H S Liu, Z P Jin; CALPHAD 2007, 31, 264-268. "Thermodynamic assessment of Cu-Eu and Cu-Yb system". Published parameters do not quite agree with published diagrams. A small change made to liquid data

Cu-Fe                

Data for the Cu-Fe system are from the assessment of Ansara and Jansson published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499). The data were also reported in the report TRITA-MAC-533, 1993 by A Jansson.

Cu-Ge                

Data for the Cu-Ge system are from an unpublished assessment by M H Rand

Cu-Hf

Reevaluation of the Cu-Hf binary system, Dong Liang and Yajun Liu, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 426 (2006) 101-105

Cu-Ho

C.P. Wang, S.H. Guo, X.J. Liu, A.T. Tang, F.S. Pan, J. Alloys Compd., 487, 173-78(2009).

Cu-In                

From SOLDERS - based on X J Liu, H S Liu, I Ohnuma, R Kainuma, K Ishida, S Itabashi, K Kameda, K, Yamaguchi, $ J. Electron. Mater.; 2001, 30(9), 1093, replaces C R Kao, A Bolcavage, S-L Chen, S W Chen, Y A Chang, A D Romig Jr.; J. Ph. Equil. 1993, 14(1), 22-30. "Phase equilibria of the Cu-In system. II- Thermodynamic assessment and calculation of phase diagram"

Cu-Ir     

Data for the Cu-Ir system are from an unpublished assessment of Korb (2004), supplied by GTT to SGTE in 2005.

Cu-La

Zhenmin Du, Yunhua Xu, Weijing Zhang. J. Alloys and Compounds, 1999, 289, 88-95

Cu-Li                

Data for the Cu-Li system are from an unpublished assessment of N Saunders published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

Cu-Mg                

The data for the Cu-Mg system are from the assessment of Liang et al (Liang P, Seifert H J, Lukas H L, Ghosh G, Effenberg G, Aldinger F, CALPHAD, 1998, 22(4), 527-543 “Thermodynamic modeling of the Cu-Mg-Zn ternary system”).

Cu-Mn                

The data for the Cu-Mn system are based on the assessment of Vrestal et al (J Vrestal, J Stepankova, P Broz,  Scand. J. Metall. 1996, 25, 224-231 “Thermodynamics of the copper-manganese system”). The data were modified by A T Dinsdale (7/3/2000) to avoid bcc phase being stable in regions where it should not be stable.

Cu-Mo

Cui Ping Wang, Xing Jun Liu, I Ohnuma, R Kainuma, Shi Ming Hao and K Ishida. J Phase Equil. 2000, 21(1), 54-62

Cu-Nb                

The data for the Cu-Nb system are from the assessment of Hamalainen et al (Hamalainen M, Jaaskelainen K, Luoma R, Nuotio M, Taskinen P, Teppo O, CALPHAD, 1990, 14(2), 125-137 “A Thermodynamic analysis of the binary alloy systems Cu-Cr, Cu-Nb and Cu-V”).

Cu-Nd                

The data for Cu-Nd system are taken from the assessment of Zhuang et al (Zhuang W, Qiao Z Y, Wei S, Shen J, J. Phase Equil, 1996, 17(6), 508-521 “Thermodynamic evaluation of the Cu-R (R: Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm) binary systems”). Note: Both fcc and bcc phases have missing interactions but may be treated as ideal for calculations in the binary system. Care should be taken when extrapolating to multicomponent systems.

Cu-Ni                

The data for the Cu-Ni system are taken from assessment by an Mey (an Mey S, CALPHAD, 1992, 16(3), 255-260 “Thermodynamic Re-evaluation of the Cu-Ni system”).

Cu-P                

Data for the Cu-P system are from an unpublished assessment by Chandrasekan et. al, (1987).

Cu-Pb                

Data for the Cu-Pb system are from an assessment by Hayes et al (F. H. Hayes, H. L. Lukas, G. Effenberg, and G. Petzow, Z. Metallkde. 1986, 77, 749-754). The interactions in the bcc and hcp phases were assumed to be the same as fcc phase.

Cu-Pd

From SOLDERS: P R Subramanian, D E Laughlin JPE 1991, 12(2), 231-243

Cu-Pr                

Data for Cu-Pr  system were taken from the assessment of Zhuang et al (Zhuang W, Qiao Z Y, Wei S, Shen J, J. Phase Equil., 1996, 17(6), 508-521 “Thermodynamic evaluation of the Cu-R (R: Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm) binary systems”). Note: Both fcc and bcc phases have missing interactions but may be treated as ideal for calculations in the binary system. Care should be taken when extrapolating to multicomponent systems.

Cu-Rh

S Priya and K T Jacob. J Phase Equilib. 2000, 21(4), 342-349

Cu-Sb                

From SOLDERS: Data from X J Liu, C P Wang, I Ohnuma, R Kainuma, K Ishida. $ J P E 2000, 21(5), 432-442, "Thermodynamic assessment of the phase diagrams of the Cu-Sb and Sb-Zn systems".  Replaces R Nitsche, S an Mey, K Hack,  P J Spencer,  Z. Metallkde 1991, 82, 67-72.  "A thermodynamic evaluation of the copper-antimony system".

Cu-Sc

GTT, unpublished, 2008

Cu-Si                

Data for the Cu-Si system are from an unpublished assessment of S Fries, T Jansson, I Hurtado and L Lukas. This represents a revision of the dataset published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

Cu-Sm                

Data for Cu-Sm  system were taken from the assessment of Zhuang et al (Zhuang W, Qiao Z Y, Wei S, Shen J, J. Phase Equil., 1996, 17(6), 508-521 “Thermodynamic evaluation of the Cu-R (R: Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm) binary systems”). Note: The bcc phase has missing interactions but may be treated as ideal for calculations in the binary system. Care should be taken when extrapolating to multicomponent systems.

Cu-Sn                

From SOLDERS: Based on data from J-H Shim, C-S Oh, B J Lee and D N Lee, Z. Metallkde, 1996, 87(3), 205 as previously. Data for the fcc_a1 revised by B J Lee and sent as email to Ursula Kattner 29/8/1999 extended by X J Liu, H S Liu, I Ohnuma, R Kainuma, K Ishida, S Itabashi, K Kameda, K, Yamaguchi J. Electron. Mater.; 2001, 30(9), 1093-1103 "Experimental Determination and Thermodynamic Calculation of the Phase Equilibria in the Cu-In-Sn System". Liquid data modified by Ales Kroupa, May 2005, to take into account latest experimental enthalpy data.

Cu-Sr                

The data for the Cu-Sr system are from the assessment of Risold et al (Risold D; Hallstedt B; Gauckler L J; Lukas H L; Fries S G; CALPHAD 1996, 20(2), 151-160 “Thermodynamic Optimization of the Ca-Cu and Sr-Cu systems”).

Cu-Ti                

The data for Cu-Ti system are taken from the assessment of Hari Kumar et al (Hari Kumar H C, Ansara I, Wollants P, Delaey L,  Z. Metallkde, 1996, 87(8) 666-672 “Thermodynamic optimisation of the Cu-Ti system”).

Cu-Tl                

Data for the Cu-Tl system are from the assessment of Chevalier (P-Y Chevalier, Thermochimica Acta, 1989, 156, 383-392 “A Thermodynamic evaluation of the Copper-Thallium system”).

Cu-V                

The data for the Cu-V system are from the assessment of Hamalainen et al (Hamalainen M, Jaaskelainen K, Luoma R, Nuotio M, Taskinen P, Teppo O, CALPHAD, 1990, 14(2), 125-137 “A Thermodynamic analysis of the binary alloy systems Cu-Cr, Cu-Nb and Cu-V”).

Cu-Y                

Data for the Cu-Y system are from the assessment of Fries et al (Fries S G, Lukas H L, Konetzki R, Schmid-Fetzer R,  J. Phase Equil., 1994, 15(6), 606-614 “Experimental investigation and thermodynamic optimization of the Y-Cu binary system”). The data for the CuY phase have been modified slightly to correct the calculated invariant temperatures.

Cu-Zn                 

Data for the Cu-Zn system are taken from the assessment of Kowalski and Spencer (Kowalski M, Spencer P J, J. Phase Equil., 1993, 14(4), 432-438 “Thermodynamic reevaluation of the Cu-Zn system”).

Cu-Zr                

Data for the Cu-Zr system are taken from the assessment of Zeng et al (Zeng K J, Hamalainen M, Lukas H L, J. Phase Equil., 1994, 15(6), 577-586 “A new thermodynamic description of the Cu-Zr system”).

Dy-Er

Susanne Norgren, J Phase Equil. 2000, 21(2), 148-156

Dy-Fe                

The data for Fe-Dy system have been taken from the assessment of Landin and Agren (S Landin, J Agren, J. Alloys and Compounds 1994, 207/208, 449-453 “Thermodynamic assessment of Fe-Tb and Fe-Dy phase diagrams and prediction of Fe-Tb-Dy phase diagram”).

Dy-Ho

Susanne Norgren, J Phase Equilib; 2000, 21(2), 148-156

Dy-Ni

M. Li, W. Han, Calphad, 33, 517-20(2009). Existance of DYNI4 and DY4NI17 uncertain. Old lattice stabilities for Dy were used. Changing to current lattice stabilities increases invariant temperatures by up to 20 K in the Dy-rich part of the system. In the Ni-rich part of the system invariant temperatures are almost unchanged.

Dy-Tb                

The data for Dy-Tb system have been taken from the assessment of Landin and Agren (S Landin, J Agren, J. Alloys and Compounds 1994, 207/208, 449-453 “Thermodynamic assessment of Fe-Tb and Fe-Dy phase diagrams and prediction of Fe-Tb-Dy phase diagram”).

Er-Ho

Susanne Norgren, J Phase Equil; 2000, 21(2), 148-156

Er-Ni

Zhenmin Du, Donghui Wang, Weijing Zhang;  J. Alloys Compounds, 1999, 284, 206-212

Er-Tb

Susanne Norgren, J Phase Equilib; 2000, 21(2), 148-156

Eu-Mg

X.M. Tao, H. Wang, H.S. Liu, Y.F. Ouyang, Z.P. Jin, Calphad, 32, 462-65(2008)

Eu-Pd

Z. Du, Y. He, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 327 (2001) 127-131.

Eu-Sn

L. Liu, C. Li, F. Wang, Z. Du, W. Zhang, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 379 (2004) 148-153.

Fe-Gd                

The data for the Fe-Gd system were taken from an assessment by Zhang et al. (Zhang W, Li C, Su X, Han K; J. Phase Equil., 1998, 19(1), 56-63. “An updated evaluation of the Fe-Gd (Iron-Gadolinium) system”).

Fe-La

E. Povoden-Karadeniz, A.N. Grundy, M. Chen, T. Ivas, L.J. Gauckler, J. Phase Equilib. Diffus., 30, 351-66(2009). There is an inverse miscibility gap with a minimum at 5180 K and x(La)=0.37.

Fe-Mg                

Data for the Fe-Mg system are from an unpublished assessment of J Tibbals published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499). Note. The compounds Cu87Si13-kappa and Cu85Si15-beta were replaced respectively by hcp-A3 and bcc_A2. (July 1997)

Fe-Mn                

The data for the Fe-Mn system were taken from the assessment of Huang (W. Huang, Report TRITA-MAC 388 (rev 1989), CALPHAD 1989, 13, 243-252 “An assessment of the Fe-Mn system”).

Fe-Mo                

The data for the Fe-Mo system are taken from an assessment by Fernandez Guillermet (A Fernandez Guillermet, CALPHAD 1982, 6, 127-140 “An assessment of the Fe-Mo system”). The data for the sigma phase were revised (1986) (Report TRITA-MAC 200 (1982)). Data for other phases were derived by Andersson et al. (J-O Andersson, Lange N, Report TRITA 0322 (1986),  Met Trans A, 1988, 19(6), 1385-1394 “An experimental study and a thermodynamic evaluation of the Fe-Cr-Mo system”, J-O Andersson, Report TRITA 0321 (1986),  CALPHAD 1988, 12(1), 9-23 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Fe-Mo-C system“) and Frisk (Frisk K,  Report TRITA-MAC 428 (1990), Met. Trans. A, 1992, 23(2), 639-649 “An experimental and Theoretical study of the phase equilibria in the Fe- Mo- Ni system”).

Fe-N                

The data for the Fe-N systems are from the assessment of Frisk (Frisk K CALPHAD, 1991, 15(1), 79-106 A thermodynamic evaluation of the Cr-N, Fe-N, Mo-N and Cr-Mo-N systems”). Data for cbcc_a12 and cub_a13 are taken from the assessment of Caian Qiu (Caian Qiu, Report TRITA-MAC-0493, Metall. Trans. A, 1993, 24(3), 629-645 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Fe-Mn-N system”).

Fe-Nb                

Data for the Fe-Nb system are from the assessment of Huang (W. Huang, Report TRITA-MAC 390 (1989), Z. Metallkde. 1990,  81, 397-404 “An assessment of the C-Fe-Nb system”).

Fe-Nd                

Data for the Fe-Nd system are from the assessment of Hallemans et al (B Hallemans, P Wollants and J R Roos; J. Phase Equilib. 1995, 16(2), 137-149 “Thermodynamic assessment of the Fe-Nb-B phase diagram”). Note the invariant reaction for the fcc phase are calculated to be different from those published.

Fe-Ni                

Data for the Fe-Ni system were taken from an unpublished assessment by T G Chart , D D Gohil and A T Dinsdale (1986). The data for the liquid phase were modified by Lee (B J Lee; CALPHAD, 1993, 17(3), 251 “Revision of thermodynamic descriptions of the Fe-Cr and Fe-Ni liquid phases”).

Fe-P                 

Data for the Fe-P system are from an unpublished assessment by P Gustafson (1990).

Fe-Pb                

Data for the Fe-Pb system are from an unpublished assessment of Dinsdale and Gohil (1987).

Fe-Pd

G Ghosh, C Kantner and G B Olson; J Phase Equilibr; 1999, 20(3), 295-308

Fe-Pr

Du Y; Jin Z; Han F;  J. Chin. Rare Earth Soc.; 1990, 3, 216-220

Fe-Ru                

Data for the Fe-Ru system are taken from an unpublished assessment of P Y Chevalier and E Fischer (2004) supplied to SGTE in January 2005.

Fe-Sb                

Data for the Fe-Sb system are from and assessment of Benyan Pei et al, (Benyan Pei, Bjorkman B, Sundman B, Jansson B, CALPHAD, 1995, 19(1), 1-15 “A thermodynamic assessment of the Iron-Antimony system”).

Fe-Sc

Supplied by GTT

Fe-Si                

Data for the Fe-Si system are based on the assessment of Lacaze and Sundman ((J Lacaze, B Sundman, Metall. Trans. A, 1991, 22A, 2211 “An assessment of the Fe-C-Si system”) but modified by Miettinen (J Miettinen CALPHAD 1998, 22(2), 231-256 “Reassessed thermodynamic solution phase data for ternary Fe-Si-C system”).

Fe-Sm

Thermodynamics of Fe-H, and H-Sm systems and its application to the hydrogen-disproportionation-desorption-recombination (HDDR) process for the system Fe17Sm2-H2. M. Zinkevich, N. Mattern, A. Handstein and O. Gutfleisch, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 339, Issues 1-2, 118-139, (2002)

Fe-Sn                

Data for the Fe-Sn system are from the assessment of Hari Kumar et al (K C Hari Kumar, P Wollants, L Delaey, CALPHAD, 1996, 20(2), 139-149 “Thermodynamic evaluation of Fe-Sn phase diagram”)

Fe-Ta

G C Coelho, S G Fries, H L Lukas, P Majewski, J M Zelaya Bejarano, S Gama, C A Ribeiro, G Effenberg; Proc. Klaus Schulze Symposium on Processing and Applications of high purity refractory metals and alloys, ed P Kumar, H A Jehn, M Uz, The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, 1994. "Thermodynamic optimisation of the Nb-Fe and Ta-Fe binary systems". Alternative description

Fe-Tb                

Data for Fe-Tb system were taken from the assessment of Landin and Agren (S Landin, J Agren J. Alloys and Compounds 1994, 207/208, 449-453 “Thermodynamic assessment of Fe-Tb And Fe-Dy phase diagrams and prediction of Fe-Tb-Dy phase diagram”).

Fe-Ti                

L.F.S. Dumitrescu, M. Hillert, N. Saunders, J. Phase Equilibria 19 (1998) 441-448. B.-J. Lee, Metall.Trans.A 32(2001)2423, C-Fe-N-Nb-Ti.           stoichiometric FeTi merged into BCC_B2 phase with order/disorder description, parameters for disordered BCC adjusted by Peter Franke

Fe-U                

Data for the Fe-U system are from the assessment of Kurata et al (Kurata M, Ogata T, Nakamura K, Ogawa T, J. Alloys Compd., 1998, 271-273, 636-640 “Thermodynamic assessment of the Fe-U, U-Zr and Fe-U-Zr systems”).

Fe-V                

Data for the Fe-V system are from the assessments of Huang (W. Huang, TRITA-MAC 432 (Rev 1989,1990), Z. Metallkde, 1991, 82(5), 391-401 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Fe-V-C system”, W. Huang Met. Trans. A, 1991, 22(9), 1911-1920 “Thermodynamic properties of the Fe-Mn-V-C system”).

Fe-W                

The data for the Fe-W system are from the assessment of Andersson and Gustafson CALPHAD, 1983, 7(4), 317-326 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Iron-Tungsten system”. Further data for the system relate to ternary assessments of Gustafson (P. Gustafson, Met. Trans. A 1987, 18, 175-188, P. Gustafson, Z. Metallkde, 1988, 79(6), 388-396 “An experimental study and A thermodynamic evaluation of the Fe-Mo-W system”) and Fernandez Guillermet (A. Fernandez Guillermet, L. Ostlund, Report TRITA-MAC 258 (1985), Met. Trans. A 1986, 17, 1809-23).

Fe-Y

Du Zhenmin, Zhang Weijing and Zhuang Yuzhi; Rare metals, 1997, 16(1), 52-58

Fe-Zn                

The data for the Fe-Zn system are from the assessment of Reumont et al. (G Reumont, P Perrot, J M Fiorani, J Hertz; J. Phase Equilibria 2000, 21, 371-378 “Thermodynamic assessment of the Fe-Zn system”).

Fe-Zr                

Data for the Fe-Zr system are from the assessment of Servant et al (C. Servant, C. Gueneau, I. Ansara, J. Alloys Comp. 220 (1995) 19-26. “Experimental and Thermodynamic assessment of the Fe-Zr system”). Data for the DELTA, ORTHO_A20 and TETRAGONAL_U are taken from the work of Kurata et al (Kurata M, Ogata T, Nakamura K, Ogawa T, J. Alloys Compd., 1998, 271-273, 636-640 “Thermodynamic assessment of the Fe-U, U-Zr and Fe-U-Zr systems”).

Ga-Ge                

Data for the Ga-Ge system are taken from the assessment of Ansara et al (I. Ansara, J.P. Bros, M. Gambino,  CAPHAD 1979, 3, 225-233 “Thermodynamic analysis of the germanium-based ternary systems (Al-Ga-Ge, Al-Ge-Sn, Ga-Ge-Sn”).

Ga-Hg                

Data for the Ga-Hg system are from an unpublished assessment of I Ansara, (1991).

Ga-In                

The data for the Ga-In system are from the assessment of Rugg and Chart (B C Rugg, T G Chart CALPHAD, 1990, 14(2), 115-123 “A critical assessment of thermodynamic and phase diagram data for the Gallium-Indium system”).

Ga-Mg

Peter Franke. A refit of data from Notin et al., 1991 using SGTE unaries data.  M. Notin, E. Belbacha, J. Charles, J. Hertz, J. Alloys Comp. 1991, 176, 25-38

Ga-N

J. Unland, B. Onderka, A. Davydov, R. Schmid-Fetzer, J.of Crystal Growth, 256, 33-51 (2003)

Ga-Ni

Wenxia Yuan, Zhiyu Qiao, Herbert Ipser, Gunnar Eriksson; J Phase Equilib. 2004, 25(1), 68-74 "Thermodynamic assessment of the Ni-Ga system". GANI_B2 data modified by atd 4/11/2010

Ga-P                

The data for the  Ga-P system were assessed by I Ansara and C Chatillon, (Unpublished) but reported in the paper by Ansara et al (I Ansara; C Chatillon; H L Lukas; T Nishizawa; H Ohtani; K Ishida; M Hillert; B Sundman; B B Argent; A Watson; T G Chart; T Anderson;  CALPHAD 1994, 18(4), 177-222 “A binary database for III-V compound semiconductor systems”).

Ga-Pb                

Data for the Ga-Pb system were from an assessment by Ansara el al (I. Ansara, F. Ajersch, J Phase Equil 1991, 12(1), 73-77 “The Ga-Pb (Gallium-Lead) system”).

Ga-Pt

Mei Li; Changrong Li; Fuming Wang; Weijing Zhang; Intermetallics 2006, 14, 826-831

Ga-Sb                

The data for the  Ga-Sb system were assessed by T Andersson, (Unpublished) but reported in the paper by Ansara et al (I Ansara; C Chatillon; H L Lukas; T Nishizawa; H Ohtani; K Ishida; M Hillert; B Sundman; B B Argent; A Watson; T G Chart; T Anderson;  CALPHAD 1994, 18(4), 177-222 “A binary database for III-V compound semiconductor systems”).

Ga-Si

Peter Franke, unpublished, 2004

Ga-Sn                

Data for the Ga-Sn system are from an assessment of Anderson and Ansara (T J Anderson, I Ansara, J Phase Equilibria 1992,  13(2), 181-189 “The Ga-Sn (Gallium-Tin) system”).

Ga-Ti

Jing-Bo Li; J-C Tedenac; M-C Record; J. Alloys Compounds 2003, 358, 133-41; "Thermodynamic analysis of the Ga-Ti system"

Ga-Zn                

Data for the Ga-Zn system are taken from an assessment of Dutkiewicz et al (Dutkiewicz J; Moser Z; Zabdyr L; Gohil D D; Chart T G; Ansara I; Girard C; Bull. Alloy Phase Diagrams, 1990, 11(1), 77-82 “The Ga-Zn (Gallium-Zinc) system”).

Gd-Ge

Thermodynamic modeling of the gadolinium-germanium system, Hai-Lin Chen, Yong Du, Cui-Yun He, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 462, Issues 1-2, 181-186, (2008).

Gd-Li

D.G. Kevorkov, J. Gröbner, R. Schmid-Fetzer, V.V. Pavlyuk, G.S. Dmytriv, O.I. Bodak: J. Phase Equilibria 22 (2001) 34-42. [01Kev] use old Gd element data from 91Din but the SGTE recommendation for Gd has been changed in 1996. This dataset uses recent unaries and the L-parameters in LIQUID were slightly adjusted by Peter Franke Mar. 2005

Gd-Mg                

Data for the Gd-Mg system are taken from the assessment of Cacciamani et al (Cacciamani G, SacconeA, Borzone G, Delfino S, Ferro R, Thermochimica Acta, 1992, 199, 17-24 “Computer coupling of thermodynamics and phase diagrams: the  Gadolinium-Magnesium system as an example”). The data for the bcc phase and the intermetallic compounds GdMg and GdMg2 were modified by A T Dinsdale (September 2006) to compensate for a change in the data for pure Gd.

Gd-Mn

J. Gröbner, A. Pisch, R. Schmid-Fetzer JAllComp 317-318 (2001) 433-437. 01Gro use another lattice stability for fcc-Gd all invariants are more or less off, check Gd-data -> old 91Din? PF Mar. 2005

Gd-Mo

M Zinkevich, N Mattern, H J Seiffert; J. Phase Equilib.; 2001, 22(1), 43-50 "Thermodynamic assessment of Gd-Zr and Gd-Mo systems"

Gd-Ni

Su Xuping, Zhang Weijing and Du Zhenmin; Rare Metals, 1996, 15(4), 275-281. The data give qualitatively the right phase diagram. Quantitatively there are differences which are difficult to resolve

Gd-Sc

Susanne Norgren, Thesis, KTH, 2000

Gd-Si

Experimental investigation and thermodynamic modeling of the Gd-Si system, Mianliang Huang, Deborah L. Schlagel, Frederick A. Schmidt, Thomas A. Lograsso, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 441, Issues 1-2, Pages 94-100, (2007).

Gd-Zr

M Zinkevich, N Mattern, H J Seiffert; J. Phase Equilib.; 2001, 22(1), 43-50. "Thermodynamic assessment of Gd-Zr and Gd-Mo systems"

Ge-In                

The data for the Ge-In systems are from the assessment by Chevalier (P Y Chevalier, 1989, 155, 227-240 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Germanium-Indium, Germanium-Lead, Germanium-Antimony, Germanium-Thallium and Germanium Zinc systems”).

Ge-Mg

A computational thermodynamic model of the Mg-Al-Ge system, F. Islam, A.K. Thykadavil, M. Medraj, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 425, Issues 1-2, 129-139, (2006)

Ge-Pb                

The data for the Ge-Pb systems are from the assessment by Chevalier (P Y Chevalier, 1989, 155, 227-240 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Germanium-Indium, Germanium-Lead, Germanium-Antimony, Germanium-Thallium and Germanium Zinc systems”

Ge-Sb                

The data for the Ge-Sb systems are from the assessment by Chevalier (P Y Chevalier, 1989, 155, 227-240 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Germanium-Indium, Germanium-Lead, Germanium-Antimony, Germanium-Thallium and Germanium Zinc systems”

Ge-Si                

Data  for the Ge-Si system are from the assessment of Olesinski and Abbaschian (R W Olesinski, G J Abbaschian, Bull. Alloy. Phase Diag.; 1984, 5(2), 180-183 “The Ge-Si(Germanium-Silicon) system”).

Ge-Sn                

Data for the Ge-Sn system are from the assessment of Feutelais et al (Y Feutelais, B Legendre, S G Fries, CALPHAD, 1996, 20(1), 109-123 “Thermodynamic evaluation of the system Germanium-Tin”).

Ge-Tl                

The data for the Ge-Tl systems are from the assessment by Chevalier (P Y Chevalier, 1989, 155, 227-240 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Germanium-Indium, Germanium-Lead, Germanium-Antimony, Germanium-Thallium and Germanium Zinc systems”

Ge-V

Thermodynamic assessments of the V-Ge and V-Pt systems, C.P. Wang, A.Q. Zheng, X.J. Liu, Intermetallics, Vol.16, Issue 4, Pages 544-549, 2008

Ge-Zn                

The data for the Ge-Zn systems are from the assessment by Chevalier (P Y Chevalier, 1989, 155, 227-240 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Germanium-Indium, Germanium-Lead, Germanium-Antimony, Germanium-Thallium and Germanium Zinc systems”

Hf-Mo                

Data for the Hf-Mo system are from the assessment of Shao (G Shao, Intermetallics, 2002, 10, 429-434. “Thermodynamic assessment of the Hf-Mo and Hf-W systems”).

Hf-Nb

A Fernandez Guillermet, J. Alloys and Compounds, 1996, 234, 111-8

Hf-Ni                 

Data for the Hf-Ni system are from the assessment of Wang et al (T Wang, Z Jin, Ji-C Zhao, Z. Metallkd. 2001, 92, 441-446. “Experimental study and reassessment of the Ni-Hf binary system”).

Hf-Si

J-C Zhao, B P Bewlay, M R Jackson and Q Chen; J Phase Equil; 2000, 21(1) 40-45

Hf-Ta                

Data for the Hf-Ta system are from the assessment of Fernandez Guillermet (A Fernandez Guillermet, Z. Metallkde 1996, 86(6), 382-387 “Gibbs energy modelling of the phase diagram and thermochemical properties in the Hf-Ta system”).

Hf-Ti                

Data for the Hf-Ti system are from the assessment of Bitterman and Rogl (H Bitterman, P Rogl, J. Phase Equil., 1997, 18(1), 24-47 “Critical assessment and thermodynamic calculation of the ternary system Boron-Hafnium-Titanium [B-Hf-Ti]”).

Hf-Zr

Abriata J P; Bolcich J C; Peretti H A; Bull. Alloy Phase Diagrams, 1982, 3, (1), 29-34. "The Hf-Zr (Hafnium-Zirconium) System". Data from: Lin L; Delaey L; van der Biest O; Wollants P; Scripta Mat.; 34, (9), 1411-1416 (1996). "Calculation of isothermal sections of three ternary Ti-Zr-X Systems"

Hg-Pb

Maitre A; Fiorani J M; Vilasi M; J Phase Equilib; 2002, 23(4), 329

Hg-Sn

Yee-Wen Yen, Joachim Grobner, Steve C. Hansen, Rainer Schmid-Fetzer; JPE, 2003, 24(2), 151. HgSn12 gamma modelled with a range of homogeneity

Hg-Zn

S.C. Hansen, Calphad 1998, 22, 359-373

Ho-Mg

G. Cacciamani, S. de Negri, A. Saccone, R. Ferro, Intermetallics 11 (2003) 1135-1151

Ho-Tb

Susanne Norgren, JPE 2000, 21(2), 148-156

In-La

Y. Wei, X. Su, F. Yin, Z. Li, X. Wu, C. Chen JAllComp 333 (2002) 118-121

In-Ni

From SOLDERS: P Waldner, H Ipser, Z. Metallkde., 2002, 93(8), 825-832. Some modificiations by Andy Watson and Alan Dinsdale, July/August 2004. Extrapolation to high temperature is not good with low temperature phases reappearing and miscibility gap in the liquid phase.  Note: Gas phase    given in original publication but not included here. Data for the liquid phase modified by Ales Kroupa 4/5/2005 to remove unwanted miscibility gap at high temperatures. Now OK up to 3500 K. Some phases renamed.

In-P                

The data for the  In-P system were assessed by I Ansara and C Chatillon, (Unpublished) but reported in the paper by Ansara et al (I Ansara; C Chatillon; H L Lukas; T Nishizawa; H Ohtani; K Ishida; M Hillert; B Sundman; B B Argent; A Watson; T G Chart; T Anderson;  CALPHAD 1994, 18(4), 177-222 “A binary database for III-V compound semiconductor systems”).

In-Pb                

Data for the In-Pb system have been assessed by A Bolcavage (reported by Boa and Ansara (D Boa, I Ansara Thermochimica Acta, 1998, 314, 79-86 “Thermodynamic assessment of the ternary system Bi-In-Pb”). Data for the rhombohedral_a7 phase were added by A T Dinsdale (October 2006).

In-Pd

From SOLDERS: Liu,Jiang: Ch. Jiang, Z.-K. Liu: Metall. Mater. Trans. 33A, 3597 (2002). BCC_B2 renamed B2_BCC

In-Sb                

The data for the  In-Sb system were assessed by T J Anderson, (Unpublished) but reported in the paper by Ansara et al (I Ansara; C Chatillon; H L Lukas; T Nishizawa; H Ohtani; K Ishida; M Hillert; B Sundman; B B Argent; A Watson; T G Chart; T Anderson;  CALPHAD 1994, 18(4), 177-222 “A binary database for III-V compound semiconductor systems”). Update of zincblende and missing data from SOLDERS. 

In-Si                 

Data for the In-Si system are from the assessment of Olesinski et al (R W Olesinski, N Kanani, G J Abbaschian,  Bulletin of Alloy Phase Diagrams 1985, 6(2), 128 “The In-Si system“).

In-Sn                

Update from SOLDERS: Name change for BETA and missing data. Data for the In-Sn system are from an unpublished assessment by I Ansara. Data for bcc_a2, fcc_a1, hcp_a3 and hcp_zn assessed by AT Dinsdale for work on solder systems.

In-Zn                

Data for the In-Zn system are B J Lee, CALPHAD 1996, 20(4), 471-480 “Thermodynamic assessment of the Sn-Zn and In-Zn binary systems”. Estimated missing data.

Ir-Ni                

Data for the Ir-Ni system are from an unpublished assessment of Korb (2004), supplied by GTT to SGTE in 2005.

Ir-Pd

P.J. Spencer: unpublished assessment, 1998

Ir-Pt                

Data for the Ir-Pt system are from an unpublished assessment of Korb and Jantzen (2004), supplied by GTT to SGTE in 2005.

Ir-Rh                

Data for the Ir-Rh system are from an unpublished assessment of Korb and Jantzen (2004), supplied by GTT to SGTE in 2005.

Ir-Ru                

Data for the Ir-Ru system are from an unpublished assessment of Korb (2004), supplied by GTT to SGTE in 2005.

Ir-Zr

H. Ran, Z. Du, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, (2005)

K-Rb                

Data for the K-Rb system are from an unpublished assessment of M H Rand (AERE Harwell, report)

La-Mg

C. Guo, Z. Du, JAllComp 385 (2004) 109-113

La-Ni                

Data for the La-Ni system are from an assessment by Du et al. (Z Du, D Wang, W Zhang; J. Alloys Compds. 1998, 264, 209-213 “Thermodynamic assessment of the La-Ni system”).

Li-Mg                

Data for the Li-Mg system are from an assessment by Saunders (Saunders N CALPHAD, 1990, 14(1), 61-70 “A review and thermodynamic assessment of the Al-Mg and Mg-Li systems”).

Li-N

P. Franke, unpublished optimization. Element data: SGTE unaries, Li3N (solid) from SGTE substance database but H and S adjusted to selected delta-H0 and delta-S0 of Wang et al (W.J. Wang, W.X. Yuan, Y.T. Song, X.L. Chen: J. Alloys Comp. 352 (2003) 103-105) liquidus optimised to exp. data

Li-Na

Shengjun Zhang, Dongwon Shin and Zi-Kui Liu, CALPHAD, 2003, 27, 235-241

Li-Si                

Data for the Li-Si system have been assessed by Braga et al (Braga M H, Malheiros L F, Ansara I, J. Phase Equil. 1995, 16(4), 324-330 “Thermodynamic assessment of the Li-Si system”). The second dataset was used.

Li-Sn

F. Yin, X. Su, Z. Li, J. Wang, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 393 (2005) 105-108

Li-Zr                

Data for the Li-Zr system are from an unpublished assessment of N Saunders published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

Mg-Mn                

Data for the Mg-Mn system are from an unpublished assessment of J Tibballs published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

Mg-Nd

Cuiping Guo, Zhenmin Du, Changrong Li, Int. J. Mater. Res.; 2008, 99(6), 650-668. "Thermodynamic description of the Ce-Mg-Y and Mg-Nd-Y systems"

Mg-Ni                

The data for the Mg-Ni system are taken from an assessment of Jacobs and Spencer (Jacobs M H G, Spencer P J, CALPHAD, 1998, 22(4), 513-526 “A critical thermodynamic evaluation of the system Mg-Ni”).

Mg-Ru                

Data for the Mg-Ru system are from an unpublished assessment by P Y Chevalier and E Fischer (2004) supplied to SGTE, January 2005.

Mg-Sc                

Data for the Mg-Sc system are taken from the assessment of Pisch et al (A Pisch, R Schmid-Fetzer, G Cacciamani, P Riani, A Saccone, R Ferro, Z. Metallkde.; 1998, 89(7), 474-477 “Mg-rich phase equilibria and thermodynamic assessment of the Mg-Sc system”). Further data were assessed in a subsequent publication (J Groebner, R Schmid Fetzer, A Pisch, G Cacciamani, P Riani, N Parodi, G Borzone, A Saccone, R Ferro; Z Metallkde., 1999, 90(11), 872-880 “Experimental investigations and thermodynamic calculation in the Al-Mg-Sc system”).

Mg-Si                

The data for the Mg-Si system are taken from the assessment of Heufel et al (Heufel H, Godecke T, Lukas H L, Sommer F, J. Alloys Compds., 1997, 247(1-2), 31-42 “Investigation of the Al-Mg-Si system by experiments and thermodynamic calculations”).

Mg-Sn                

The data for the Mg-Sn system are from an unpublished assessment of Fries and Lukas (Private communication 5/3/99) and are based on an earlier assessment (Fries S G, Lukas H L, J. Chim. Phys., 1993, 90(2), 181-187 “Optimisation of the Mg-Sn system”). The data for the hcp phase were modified by A T Dinsdale to take account of new data for hcp Sn.

Mg-Tb

C. Guo, Z. Du, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 422(1,2), 102-108 (2006).  "Thermodynamic optimization of the Mg-Tb and Mg-Yb systems"

Mg-Tm

Z. Du, H. Liu, G. Ling, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 373 (2004) 151-155. Data provided by Thermodata - December 2006

Mg-V

Mg-V system, GTT, unpublished, 2008

Mg-Y                

Data for the Mg-Y system are from a assessment of Fabrichnaya  et al (O B Fabrichnaya, H L Lukas, G Effenberg, F Aldinger, Intermetallics, 2003, 11, 1183-1188 “Thermodynamic optimization in the Mg-Y system”)

Mg-Yb

C. Guo, Z. Du, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 422(1,2), 102-108 (2006).  Data provided by Thermodata - December 2006

Mg-Zn                

The data for the Mg-Zn system are from the assessment by Liang et al (P Liang, T Trafa, J A Robinson, S Wagner, P Ochin, M G Harmelin, H J Seifert, H L Lukas, F Aldinger; Thermochimica Acta 1998, 314, 87-110  “Experimental investigation and thermodynamic calculation of the Al-Mg-Zn system”, P Liang, H J Seifert, H L Lukas, G Ghosh, G Effenberg, F Aldinger,  CALPHAD, 1998, 22(4), 527-543 “Thermodynamic modeling of the Cu-Mg-Zn ternary system”). BCC_A2/BCC_B2 added from ACMSZ-1.

Mg-Zr                

Data for the Mg-Zr system are from an unpublished assessment of M Hamalainen published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

Mn-Mo

SGTE Collected binary systems: B J Lee, KRISS, unpublished research, during 1993-1995

Mn-N                

Data for the Mn-N system are taken from the assessment of Caian Qui and Fernandez Guillermet (Caian Qui, A Fernandez Guillermet, Report TRITA-MAC 472, Z. Metallkde 1993, 84(1), 11-22 “Predicative approach to the entropy of Manganese Nitrides and calculation of the Mn-N phase diagram”). Data for the interaction in the FE4N phase were introduced by A T Dinsdale (17/5/99) for consistency with Fe-N data.

Mn-Ni                

From steel11f: Based on "Thermodynamic optimization of the Mn-Ni system". Guo, Cuiping; Du, Zhenmin; Intermetallics, v 13, n 5, p 525-534, May 2005 with L10 and L12 modelled by Peter Franke

Mn-P                

The source of the assessed data for the Mn-P system is not known.

Mn-Pb

Data for the Mn-Pb system are from an unpublished assessment by A T Dinsdale (2003).

Note: Solution of Mn in Pb_fcc_a1 missing !

Mn-Sc

A. Pisch, R. Schmid-Fetzer, Z. Metallkd. 89 (1998) 700-703

Mn-Si                

Annika Forsberg, John Agren, J. Phase Equilibria 14 (1993) 354-363, TRITA-MAC 483 (1992); Fe-Mn-Si. P.-Y. Chevalier, E. Fischer, A. Rivet, Calphad 19 (1995), 57-68; Mn-Si

Mn-Sn

J Miettinen, CALPHAD 2001, 25(1), 43-58. "Thermodynamic solution phase data for binary Mn-based systems". Data for the fcc phase modified by atd 10/11/2000 because of revised data for fcc Sn

Mn-Ti                

Data for the Mn-Ti system are from an unpublished assessment of N Saunders published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

Mn-V                

Data for the Mn-V system are from an assessment by Huang (W. Huang, TRITA-MAC 441 (1990), CALPHAD, 1991, 15(2), 195-208 “A thermodynamic analysis of the Mn-V and Fe-Mn-V systems”).

Mn-W

Estimated from the Mn-Ni-W system by Peter Franke

Mn-Y

H Flandorfer, J Groebner, A Stamou, N Hassiotis, A Saccone, P Rogl, R Wouters, H Seifert, D Maccio, R Ferro, G Haidemenopoulos, L Delaey, G Effenberg;  Z. Metallkde. 1997, 88, 529-538

Mn-Zr                

Data for the Mn-Zr system are from an unpublished assessment of K Hack published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

Mo-N                

Data for the Mo-N system are from an assessment of Frisk (K. Frisk, Report TRITA-MAC 393 (1989), CALPHAD, 1991, 15(1), 79-106 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Cr-N, Fe-N, Mo-N and Cr-Mo-N systems”).

Mo-Nb                

Data for the Mo-Nb system are from an unpublished assessment by P Y Chevalier.

Mo-Ni                

Data for the Mo-Ni system are from an assessment by Frisk (K Frisk, CALPHAD, 1990, 14(3), 311-320 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Mo-Ni system”). Additional data were also provided in the reports TRITA-MAC 428 (1990) and TRITA-MAC 429 (1990) by K Frisk. The data were modified by A T Dinsdale to allow Mo to occupy the first sublattice of the Mu_phase. This was necessary for compatibility with the Co-Mo system

Mo-P                

The data for the Mo-P system are from an unpublished assessment by P Gustafson (1990).

Mo-Pd

G Ghosh and G B Olsen; J Phase Equil; 2000, 21(1), 32-39

Mo-Si                

P.Y. Chevalier, E. Fischer, Thermodata report, June 2003

Mo-Ta

Y Cui, Private communication to SGTE, 1999; Mo-Ni-Ta.  "Experimental Study and Thermodynamic Assessment of the Ni-Mo-Ta Ternary System". Cui, Y. Lu, X. Jin, Z.; Metall. Mater. Trans. A; A 1999, 30(11), 2735-2744

Mo-Ti                

Data for the Mo-Ti system are from an unpublished assessment of N Saunders published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

Mo-V                

J. Bratberg, K. Frisk, Calphad 26 (2002) 459-476.

Mo-W                

Data for the Mo-W system are from an assessment of Gustafson (P Gustafson, Z. Metallkde, 1988, 79(6), 388-396 “An experimental study and a thermodynamic evaluation of the Fe-Mo-W  system”). Further data were provided by Gustafson (P Gustafson, Z. Metallkde., 1988, 79(6), 397-402 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the C-Mo-W system”) and Andersson (J-O Andersson, CALPHAD 1988, 12(1), 9-23 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Fe-Mo-C system”).

Mo-Zr

R.J. Perez, B. Sundman, Calphad, 27, 253-262 (2003).  Data provided by Thermodata - December 2006

N-Nb 

The data for the N-Nb system are from an assessment by Huang (Weiming Huang, Metall. Trans. A, 1996, 27, 3591-3600 “Thermodynamic assessment of the Nb-N system”).

N-Ni                

The data for the N-Ni system are from an assessment by Fernandez Guillermet and Frisk (Fernandez Guillermet A, Frisk K Int. J. Thermophys., 1991, 12(2), 417-431 “Thermodynamic properties of nickel nitrides and phase stability in the Nickel-Nitrogen system”).

N-Si

The data for the N-Si system are from an assessment by Gustafson (P Gustafson, Inst. Met. Res. (Sweden) (1990)). Note – it is not clear whether these data are appropriate for steel systems only.

Note: The phase Si3N4(s) is missing, from SGTE2004 inserted.

N-Ta                

The data for the N-Ta system are from an assessment by Frisk (K Frisk; J Alloys and Compounds; 1998, 278, 216-226 “Analysis of the phase diagram and thermochemistry in the Ta-N and the Ta-C-N systems”).

N-Ti                

The data for the N-Ti system are from the assessment of Zeng and Schmid-Fetzer (Zeng K, Schmid-Fetzer R, Z Metallkde 1996, 87, 540-554 “Critical assessment and thermodynamic modeling of the Ti-N system”).

N-U

P-Y Chevalier, E Fischer, B Cheynet; J. Nucl. Mater.; 2000, 280, 136-150. Thermodynamic modelling of the N-U system. Modified by atd 1/3/2007. Agreement with original assessment is not perfect - particularly the low temperature equilibria involving U2N3_alpha. Data for U2N3_alpha modified by atd 3/11/10 to avoid being more stable than the liquid

N-V                

The data for the N-V system are from an assessment of Du et al (Yong Du, R Schmid-Fetzer, H Ohtani; Z. Metallkde 1997, 88(7), 545-556 “Thermodynamic assessment of the V-N system”).

N-W                

The data for the N-W system are from an assessment by Fernandez Guillermet and Jonsson (A Fernandez Guillermet, S Jonsson,  Z. Metallkde. 1993, 84(2), 106-117  “Thermodynamic analysis of stable and metastable W nitrides and calculation of the W-N phase diagram”).

N-Zr

X. Ma, C. Li, K. Bai, P. Wu, W. Zhang, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 373 (2004) 194-201. Data provided by Thermodata - December 2006

Na-Rb                

Data for the Na-Rb system are from an unpublished assessment of M H Rand (AERE Harwell, report)

Nb-Ni                

The data for the Nb-Ni system are from the assessment of from Bolcavage and Kattner (Bolcavage A, Kattner U R,  J Phase Equil.; 1996, 17(2), 92-100 “A reassessment of the calculated Ni-Nb phase diagram”).

Nb-Si

H Liang and Y A Chang; Intermetallics 1999, 7, 561-570

Nb-Sn                 

The data for the Nb-Sn system are from an assessment by Toffolon t al (C Toffolon, C Servant, B Sundman; J. Phase Equil; 1998, 19(5), 479-485 “Thermodynamic assessment of the Nb-Sn system”).

Nb-Ta

W Xiong, Y Du, Y Li, B Y Huang, H H Xu, H L Chen, Z Pan; CALPHAD 2004, 28, 133-140

Nb-Ti                

Data for the Nb-Ti system are from an unpublished assessment of N Saunders published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

Nb-V                

The data for the Nb-V system are from the assessment of Hari Kumar et al (K C Hari Kumar, P Wollants, L Delaey, CALPHAD, 1994, 18(1), 71-80 “Thermodynamic calculation of Nb-Ti-V phase diagram”).

Nb-W

Unpublished work by A Fernandez Guillermet and Weiming Huang referred to in: Weiming Huang, M Selleby; Z. Metallkde.; 1997, 88(1), 55-62. "Thermodynamic assessment of the Nb-W-C system

Nb-Zr     

The data for the Nb-Zr system are from an assessment by Fernandez Guillermet (A. Fernandez Guillermet, Z. Metallkde. 1991,  82(6), 478-487 “Thermodynamic analysis of the stable phases in the Zr-Nb system and calculation of the phase diagram”).

Nd-Pr                

Data for the Nd-Pr system are from an assessment by Cacciamani et al (G Cacciamani, R Ferro, H L Lukas, Z. Metallkde. 1992, 83, 669-672 “Assessment of the Nd-Sb and Pr-Sb binary systems and calculation of the Nd-Pr-Sb ternary system”).

Nd-Sb                

Data for the Nd-Sb system are from an assessment by Cacciamani et al (G Cacciamani, R Ferro, H L Lukas, Z. Metallkde. 1992, 83, 669-672 “Assessment of the Nd-Sb and Pr-Sb binary systems and calculation of the Nd-Pr-Sb ternary system”).

Nd-Sc

Susanne Norgren, Thesis, KTH, 2000

Ni-P                

The source of data for the Ni-P system is unknown.

Ni-Pb                

Data for the Ni-Pb system are from the assessment of Cui Ping Wang et al (Cui Ping Wang, Xing Jun Liu, I Ohnuma, R Kainuma, K Ishida, CALPHAD 2000, 24(2), 149-167 “Thermodynamic assessment of the Cu-Ni-Pb system”).

Ni-Pd

From SOLDERS: Source of data: G Ghosh, C Kantner and G B Olson; J P E 1999, 20(3), 295-308. The Dataset gives a miscibility gap in the fcc phase at lower temperatures. It is not clear whether this is correct.

Ni-Ru                 

Data for the Ni-Ru system are from an unpublished assessment of P Y Chevalier and E Fischer (2001) supplied to SGTE in January 2005.

Ni-Si                

The data for the Ni-Si system are taken from the an assessment of Lindholm and Sundman (M Lindholm, B Sundman; Metall Trans A 1996, 26A, 2897-2903 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Nickel-Silicon system”).

Ni-Sm

Xuping Su, Weijing Zhang and Zhenmin Du; J. Alloys and Compounds 1998, 278, 182-4

Ni-Sn

From SOLDERS: Based on H S Liu; J Wang Z P Jin; CALPHAD, 2004, 28(4), 363-370. Modified by Andy Watson for revised fcc Sn data - May 2005. Ni3Sn2 data revised by A Dinsdale, September 2005 to be compatible with model used in the assessment of Au-Ni-Sn system. bcc data introduced by A Kroupa, A Zemanova, A Dinsdale, September 2005 in place of Ni3Sn_ht phase. N.B. more recent update available

Ni-Ta                

The data for the Ni-Ta system are taken from an assessment by Cui and Jin (Y Cui, Z Jin; Z Metallkde 1999, 90(3), 233-241 “Experimental study and reassessment of the Ni-Ta system”).

Ni-Ti                

The data for Ni-Ti systems are from an assessment of Bellen et al. (P Bellen, K C Hari Kumar, P Wollants,  Z. Metallkde, 1996, 87(12), 972-978 “Thermodynamic assessment of the Ni-Ti phase diagram”).

Ni-V                

The data for the Ni-V system are from an unpublished assessment of J Korb and K Hack published in the COST507 final report COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2, eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499

Ni-W                

The data for the Ni-W system are from the assessment of Gustafson et al (P Gustafson, A Gabriel, I Ansara, Report TRITA 0263(1985), Z Metallkde, 1986, 78, 151-156). Additional data were provided by Fernandez Guillermet (A Fernandez Guillermet, TRITA-MAC 373(1988), “Thermodynamics of the Co-Ni-W: A preliminary Calphad analysis”).

Ni-Y

Zhenmin Du, Weijing Zhang; J Alloys and Compounds 1996, 245, 164-7

Ni-Zn

From SOLDERS: J Miettinen CALPHAD 2003, 27, 263-274 - modified version of G P Vassilev, T Gomez-Acebo, J-C Tedenac. JPE 2000, 21(3), 287-301

Ni-Zr                

Dat for the Ni-Zr system are taken from the assessment of Ghosh (Ghosh G; J. Mater. Res., 1994, 9(3), 598-616 “Thermodynamics and kinetics of stable and metastable phases in the Ni-Zr system”). Data for the Laves_c14 and Laves_c15 were provided by Ansara et al. (I Ansara, N Dupin, J M Joubert, M Latroche, A Percheron-Guegan; J. Phase Equilibria, 1998, 19(1), 6-10 “Thermodynamic study of the Cr-Ni-Zr system”).

Os-Si

Y.Q. Liu, G. Shao, K.P. Homewood, JAllComp 320 (2001) 72-79. Data provided by Thermodata - December 2006

P-Sb                

The data for the P-Sb system were assessed by Ansara and Chatillon, (Unpublished) but reported in the paper by Ansara et al (I Ansara; C Chatillon; H L Lukas; T Nishizawa; H Ohtani; K Ishida; M Hillert; B Sundman; B B Argent; A Watson; T G Chart; T Anderson;  CALPHAD 1994, 18(4), 177-222 “A binary database for III-V compound semiconductor systems”).

P-Si                

The data for the P-Si system are from an unpublished NPL assessment.

Pb-Pd                

The data for the Pd-Pb system are from an assessment by Ghosh ( G Ghosh; J. Phase Equil, 1999, 20(3), 309-315 “Thermodynamic modeling of the Palladium-Lead system”). Note that these data are slightly different from those in published by Ghosh in Metall. Mater. Trans. A 1999, 30A, 5-18 “Thermodynamic modeling of the Palladium-Lead-Tin system”. Missing estimated data from SOLDERS

Pb-Sb                

The data for the Pb-Sb system are from the assessment of Othani et al. (Ohtani H, Okuda K, Ishida K, J. Phase Equil., 1995, 16(5), 416-429 “Thermodynamic study of phase equilibria in the Pb-Sn-Sb system”).

Pb-Si                

The data for the Pb-Si system are from the assessment of Olesinski and Abbaschian (R W Olesinski, G J Abbaschian, Bull. Alloy Phase Diagrams, 1984, 5(3), 271-3 “The Lead-Silicon system”).

Pb-Sn                

The data for the Pb-Sn system are from the assessment of Ohtani et al. (Ohtani H, Okuda K, Ishida K, J. Phase Equil., 1995, 16(5), 416-429 “Thermodynamic study of phase equilibria in the Pb-Sn-Sb system”). Data for the fcc and liquid phase revised by A T Dinsdale to take account of revised unary data for fcc Sn.

Pb-Tl                

The data for the Pb-Tl system is from an unpublished assessment by I. Ansara, H.L. Lukas and S. G. Fries.

Pb-Zn                

The data for the Pb-Zn system are from an assessment by Srivastava and Sharma (Srivastava M, Sharma R C, J. Phase Equil. 1993, 14(6), 700-709 “Thermodynamic analysis and phase equilibria calculations of Pb-Zn,  Sn-Zn, and Pb-Sn-Zn systems”).

Pb-Zr                

Data for the Pb-Zr system are from the assessment by Dixon, Argent and Chart (Dixon P R, Argent B B, Chart T G CALPHAD, 1998, 22(3), 397-416 “The alloy systems Zirconium-Cerium and Zirconium-Lead”).

Pd-Rh                

Data for the Pd-Rh system are from an unpublished assessment of Korb (2004), supplied by GTT to SGTE in 2005.

Pd-Ru

SGTE Noble metals database compiled by Philip Spencer

Pd-Sc

Zhemin Du, Changrong Li, Lunwen Lu; Z. Metallkde; 2002, 93(4), 277-280. "Thermodynamic assessment of the Pd-Sc system". Modified by atd 12/7/2007. Interactions introduced for bcc and hcp.  Data for fcc modified to use adopted unary data for Sc

Pd-Sm

Z. Du, H. Yang, Z. Metallkd. 91 (2000) 455-459

Pd-Sn                

Data for the Pd-Sn system are from the assessment of Ghosh (G Ghosh; Metall. Mater. Trans. A 1999, 30A, 5-18) “Thermodynamic modeling of the palladium-lead-tin system”).

Pd-Tb

Z. Du, H. Yang, K. Han, Z. Metallkd. 91 (2000) 988-991

Pd-Zn

From SOLDERS: Assessment - Ales Kroupa, Jiri Vizdal - 1/9/2005

Pd-Zr

Zhenmin Du, Z. Metallkde. 2003, 94(8), 864-870. "Thermodynamic assessment of the Pd-Zr system"

Pr-Sb                

Data for the Pr-Sb system are from an assessment by Cacciamani et al (G Cacciamani, R Ferro, H L Lukas, Z. Metallkde. 1992, 83, 669-672 “Assessment of the Nd-Sb and Pr-Sb binary systems and calculation of the Nd-Pr-Sb ternary system”).

Pt-Rh

K T Jacob, S Priya, Y Waseda; Metall. Mater. Trans. A; 1998, 29A, 1545-1550. "Thermodynamic properties and phase equilibria for Pt-Rh alloys"

Pt-Ru

SGTE Noble metals database compiled by Philip Spencer

Pt-Si

Thermodynamic assessment of the Pt-Si binary system, L.L. Xu, J. Wang, H.S. Liu, Z.P. Jin, Calphad, Vol. 32, N° 1, Pages 101-105, 2008.

Pt-Ta

SGTE Noble metals database compiled by Philip Spencer

Pt-Ti

Thermodynamic assessment of the Pt-Ti system, Mei Li, Wei Han, Changrong Li, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 461, Issues 1-2, Pages 189-194, (11 August 2008)

Ru-Si                

Data for the Ru-Si system are from an unpublished assessment P Y Chevalier and E Fischer (1995) supplied to SGTE  in January 2005.

Ru-Sn

 Charles, L Perring, J J Kuntz and J C Gachon; J P E 1999, 20(6), 573-580

Ru-Zr                

Data for the Ru-Zr system is from an unpublished assessment by P Y Chevalier and E Fischer (1995) supplied to SGTE in January 2005.

Sb-Si                

Data for the Sb-Si system are from an assessment by Olesinski and Abbaschian (R W Olesinski, G J Abbaschian Bull. Alloy Phase Diagrams 1985, 6(5), 445-8 “The Sb-Si system”).

Sb-Sm                

The data for the Sb-Sm system are from an assessment by Cacciamani et al (G Cacciamani, G Borzone, N Parodi, R Ferro, Z. Metallkde. 1996, 87(7), 562-567 “Constitutional properties of rare earth antimonides: Trends and optimization Sm-Sb and Er-Sb alloys”).

Sb-Sn                

Data for the Sb-Sn system are from an unpublished assessment of J Vizdal and A Kroupa (2005). This makes use of new unpublished DSC data of Vassilev in 2004. Earlier assessments of Jonsson and Agren (Jonsson B, Agren J, Mater. Sci. Technol, 1986, 2, 913 “A thermodynamic assessment of the Sb-Sn system”) and Ohtani and Ishida (H Ohtani, K Ishida; J Electronic Materials, 1994, 23(8), 747-755 “A thermodynamic study of the phase equilibria in the Bi-Sn-Sb  system”) used different unary data for the Sb in the metastable BCT_A5 structure from those adopted by SGTE.

Sb-Zn                

From SOLDERS: from X J Liu, C P Wang, I Ohnuma, R Kainuma, K Ishida J P E 2000, 21(5), 432-442 "Thermodynamic assessment of the phase diagrams of the Cu-Sb and Sb-Zn systems". Replaces $ L A Zabdyr, Calphad 1997, 21(3), 349-358  "Phase equilibria in ternary Cd-Sb-Zn system"

Sc-Si

Supplied by GTT

Sc-V

Supplied by GTT

Sc-Y

Susanne Norgren, Thesis, KTH, 2000

Sc-Zr

Supplied by GTT

Se-Te                

Data for the Se-Te system are from an assessment by Ghosh et al (G Ghosh, R C Sharma, D T Li, Y A Chang, J. Phase Equil., 1994, 15(2), 213-224  “The Se-Te (Selenium-Tellurium) system”).

Si-Sn                

The data for the Si-Sn system was from an assessment by Jacobs and Spencer (Jacobs M H G, Spencer P J, CALPHAD 1996, 20(1), 89-91 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the system Si-Sn”).

Si-Ta                

Data for the Ta-Si system are from an assessment by Vahlas et al (C. Vahlas, P-Y Chevalier and E. Blanquet, CALPHAD 1989, 13, 273-292 “A thermodynamic evaluation of four Si-M (M = Mo, Ta, Ti, W) binary systems”). Note: there is a spurious miscibility gap in the liquid at high temperatures.

Si-Ti                

Data for the Si-Ti system are from an assessment by Seifert  et al (H J Seifert, H L Lukas, G Petzow, Z. Metallkde 1996, 87(1), 2-13 “Thermodynamic optimization of the Ti-Si system”).

Si-U

P.Y. Chevalier, E. Fischer, Thermodata report, March 2004; revised Sept. 8, 2004

Si-V                

Data for the Si-V system are from an unpublished assessment of M H Rand and N Saunders published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

Si-W                

Data for the Si-W system are from an assessment by Vahlas et al (C. Vahlas, P-Y Chevalier and E. Blanquet, CALPHAD 1989, 13, 273-292 “A thermodynamic evaluation of four Si-M (M = Mo, Ta, Ti, W) binary systems”).

Si-Y                

Data for the Si-Y system are from an assessment by Ran et al (Ran Q, Lukas H L, Effenberg G, Petzow, Z. Metallkde, 1989, 80(6), 402-405 “A thermodynamic assessment of the Si-Y system”).

Si-Yb

S. Brutti, G. Balducci, A. Ciccioli, G. Gigli, Calphad, 29 (2005) 254-261. Data provided by Thermodata - December 2006

Si-Zn                

Data for the Si-Zn system are an assessment by Jacobs and Spencer (Jacobs M H G, Spencer P J, CALPHAD, 1996, 20(3), 307-320 “A critical thermodynamic evaluation of the systems Si-Zn and Al-Si-Zn”).

Si-Zr                

Data for the Si-Zr system are from the assessment of Gueneau et al (Gueneau C, Servant C, Ansara I, Dupin N, CALPHAD, 1994,18(3), 319-327 “Thermodynamic assessment of the Si-Zr system”).

Sn-Ti                

Data for the Sn-Ti system are from an unpublished assessment of F H Hayes published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499). The data for the hcp phase were modified to be consistent with a change in Sn hcp data.

Sn-V

T. Studnitzky, B. Onderka, R. Schmid-Fetzer, Z. Metallkd. 93 (2002) 48-57

Sn-Zn                

Data for the Sn-Zn system are from an unpublished assessment of S G Fries and H L Lukas published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499). BCC_A2 and DIAMOND_A4 taken from SOLDERS

Sn-Zr                

Data for the Sn-Zr system are from an unpublished assessment of J Korb and K Hack published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499). The data for the hcp phase were modified to take account of new unary for hcp Sn.

Sr-Zn

Thermodynamic modelling of the Ca-Sr-Zn ternary system, Yu Zhong, Koray Ozturk, Zi-Kui Liu, Journal of Phase Equilibria, Vol. 24, N° 4, Pages 340-346, 2003

Ta-Ti                

Data for the Ta-Ti system are from an unpublished assessment of N Saunders published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

Ta-V

C.A. Danon, C. Servant, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 366 (2004) 191-200. Data provided by Thermodata - December 2006

Ta-W

Huang and Guillermet, Unpublished but data quoted in Zhou and Liu,  sumbitted to Materials Trans. 2002

Ta-Zr

A Fernandez Guillermet, J. Alloys Compounds, 1995, 226, 174-184

Th-Zn

Z.S. Li, X.J. Liu, M.Z. Wen, C.P. Wang, A.T. Tang, F.S. Pan,  J. Nucl. Mater., 396, 170-75(2010). There is an inverse miscibility gap with a minimum at 5653 K and X(Zn)=0.16. There are slight differences (up to 2 K) in the invariant equilibria, either due to rounding errors or (more probably) because of changes in the Th lattice stabilities

Ti-V                

G. Ghosh, J. Phase Equilibria 23 (2002) 310-328

Ti-W                

Data for the Ti-W system are from an unpublished assessment of N Saunders published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

Ti-Zn

K Doi, S Ono, H Ohtani, M Hasebe; J. Phase Equilib. Diff.; 2006, 27(1), 63-74. "Thermodynamic study of the phase equilibria in the Sn-Ti-Zn ternary system"

Ti-Zr

K C Hari Kumar, P Wollants, L Delaey; J. Alloys and Compounds, 1994, 206, 121-7

Tl-Zn

S.S. Kim, T.H. Sanders, Z. Metallkde, 94(4), 390-395 (2003)

U-V

Data for the U-V system are from the assessment of Berche et al (A. Berche, T. Alpettaz, S. Chatain, C. Blanc, S. Gossé, C. Guéneau; The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics 2011, 43(3), 458-466 "Thermodynamic study of the uranium-vanadium system").

U-Zr                

Data for the U-Zr system are from the assessment of Kurata et al (Kurata M, Ogata T, Nakamura K, Ogawa T, J. Alloys Compd., 1998, 271-273, 636-640 “Thermodynamic assessment of the Fe-U, U-Zr and Fe-U-Zr systems”).

V-W

J. Bratberg, Z. Metallkd. 96 (2005) 335-344

V-Zr                

Data for the V-Zr system are from an unpublished assessment of J Korb and K Hack published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

W-Zr

Thermodata - suppied to SGTE July 2005

Y-Zr

H Flandorfer, J Groebner, A Stamou, N Hassiotis, A Saccone, P Rogl, R Wouters H Seifert, D Maccio, R Ferro, G Haidemenopoulos, L Delaey, G Effenberg; Z. Metallkde. 1997, 88, 529-538

Zn-Zr

R. Arroyave, Z.K. Liu, Calphad, 30(1), 1-13 (2006).  Model 1 - LIQUID phase modelled without associate

Ternary systems

Ag-Au-Bi

Taken from SOLDERS. Based on :- E Zoro, C Servant and B Legendre, CALPHAD, 2007, 31(1), 89-94 "Thermodynamic assessment of the Ag-Au-Bi system"

Ag-Au-Sb

Taken from SOLDERS. Based on :-  E Zoro, C Servant, B Legendre; Journal of Phase Equilibria and Diffusion

Ag-Bi-Sn

Taken From SOLDERS based on an Assessment by L Zabdyr et al, 2005

Ag-Cu-Ni

from Alan Dinsdale, October 2005. No ternary parameter is necessary

Ag-Cu-Pb

The data for the Ag-Cu-Pb system are from an update of Lukas (H L Lukas, Unpublished work, 1998) of his earlier assessment (F. H. Hayes, H. L. Lukas, G. Effenberg, and G. Petzow, Z. Metallkde. 77 (1986) 749-754) “A thermodynamic optimisation of the Cu-Ag-Pb system”.

Ag-Cu-Sn

J A Gisby, A T Dinsdale, July, August 2002 Modified March 2008 to account for revision of Ag-Sn data

Ag-In-Sn

X.J.Liu, Y.Inohana, Y.Takaku, I.Ohnuma, R.Kainuma, K.Ishida, Z.Moser, W.Gasior, J.Pstrus: J.of Electronic Materials 31 (11) (2002) 1139-1151

Ag-Ni-Sn

Assessment in progress - A T Dinsdale, October 2005

Al-C-Si

The data for the Al-C-Si sytem are from the assessment of Groebner et al (J Groebner, H L Lukas, F Aldinger CALPHAD 1996, 20, 247-254 “Thermodynamic Calculation of the Al-Si-C System“. Note: the dataset may not give best agreement with experiment since the C-Si data in the database are different from those used in this assessment.

Al-Ca-Si

The data for the Al-Ca-Si system are from the assessment of Anglezio et al (Anglezio J C, Servant C, Ansara I; CALPHAD, 1994, 18(3), 273-309 “Contribution to the experimental and thermodynamic assessment of the Al-Ca-Fe-Si, Al-Ca-Si, Al-Fe-Si and Ca-Fe-Si systems”).

Al-Cu-Li

Data for the Al-Cu-Li system are from an unpublished assessment of N Saunders published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

Al-Cu-Mg

Data for the Al-Cu-Mg system are from an assessment of T Bühler et al (Buhler T, Fries S G, Spencer P J, Lukas H L, J. Phase Equil., 1998, 19(4), 317-333 “A thermodynamic assessment of the Al-Cu-Mg ternary system”).

Al-Cu-Si

Taken from ACMSZ, based on X.M. Pan, C. Lin, J.E. Morral, H.D. Brody, JPED, 26 (2005) 225-233 (Al-Cu-Si).

Al-Cu-Zn

Taken from ACMSZ-1, based on H.Liang, Y.A.Chang, JPE 19 (1998) 25-37

Al-Fe-Mn

Data for the Al-Fe-Mn system are from an unpublished assessment of A Jansson and T G Chart published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

Al-Fe-Si

Data for the Al-Fe-Si system are from an unpublished assessment of P Kolby published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

Al-Ga-In

The data for the Al-Ga-In system are from as assessment by Ansara et al (Ansara I, Bros J P, Girard C, CALPHAD, 1978, 2(3), 187-196 “Thermodynamic analysis of the Ga-In, Al-Ga, Al-In and the Al-Ga-In systems”).

Al-Ga-Sn

The data for the Al-Ga-Sn system are from an assessment based on the work of Gaune et al (Gaune J L, Gambino M, Bros J P, Martin-Garin R, Ansara I, Thermochim.Acta, 1977, 18(2), 217-228 “Contribution to the thermodynamic study of the ternary Aluminum-Gallium-Tin system”).

Al-Mg-Mn

Data for the Al-Mg-Mn system are from an unpublished assessment of I Ansara published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

Al-Mg-Si

The data for the Al-Mg-Si system are taken from the assessment of Heufel et al (Heufel H, Godecke T, Lukas H L, Sommer F, J. Alloys Compds., 1997, 247(1-2), 31-42 “Investigation of the Al-Mg-Si system by experiments and thermodynamic calculations”).

Al-Mg-Zn

The data for the Al-Mg-Zn system are from the assessment by Liang et al (P Liang, T Trafa, J A Robinson, S Wagner, P Ochin, M G Harmelin, H J Seifert, H L Lukas, F Aldinger; Thermochimica Acta 1998, 314, 87-110  “Experimental investigation and thermodynamic calculation of the Al-Mg-Zn system”, P Liang, H J Seifert, H L Lukas, G Ghosh, G Effenberg, F Aldinger,  CALPHAD, 1998, 22(4), 527-543 “Thermodynamic modeling of the Cu-Mg-Zn ternary system”). The data were refined further by Liang et al. Werksoffer 98 Vol6 "Metalle/simulation" ed R Kopp et al. pp463-8, 1999, New York, Wiley VCH

Al-Mn-Si

Data for the Al-Mn-Si system are from an unpublished assessment of P Kolby, M H Rand and T G Chart published in the COST507 final report  (COST507 Thermochemical database for light metal alloys, Volume 2 eds I Ansara, A T Dinsdale and M H Rand, July 1998, EUR18499).

Al-Si-Zn

M. Jacobs, private communication, quoted in COST507 (Al-Si-Zn)

Al-Sn-Zn

The data for the Al-Sn-Zn system are from an assessment of Fries et al (S G Fries; H L Lukas, S Kuang; G Effenberg, Proc. Conf. User Aspects of Phase Diagrams 1992, pp280-286).

Au-Bi-Sb

J Wang, F G Meng, H S Liu, L B Liu, Z P Jin; Thermodynamic modeling of the Au-Bi-Sb ternary system. J. Electronic Mater. 36 (5) (2007), 568-577

Au-In-Pb

The data for the Au-In-Pb system are from an unpublished assessment by I Ansara (1986).

Au-In-Sb

H S Liu, C L Liu, C Wang, K Ishida; J. Electron. Mater. 2003, 32(2), 81 Modified by J Vrestral, May 2005

Au-In-Sn

G. Cacciamani, G. Borzone and A. Watson, "Thermodynamic modelling and assessment of the Au-In-Sn system", CALPHAD, 33(1), 100-108, (2009).

Au-Ni-Sn

Liu X J, Kinaka M, Takaku Y, Ohnuma I, Kainuma R, Ishida K; J. Electr. Mater.; 2005, 34(5), 670-679

B-Fe-Nd

The data for the Fe-Nd-B system are from the assessment of Hallemans et al (B Hallemans, P Wollants and J R Roos; J. Phase Equilib. 1995, 16(2), 137-149 “Thermodynamic assessment of the Fe-Nb-B phase diagram”). Note: the calculated phase diagram for 298 K does not agree with published version.

Bi-Ga-Zn

The data for the Bi-Ga-Zn system are from C. Girard, Thesis (Marseille 1985).

Bi-In-Pb

The data for the Bi-In-Pb system are from the assessment of Boa and Ansara, (D Boa, I Ansara, Thermochimica Acta 1998, 314, 79-86 “Thermodynamic Assessment of the Ternary System Bi-In-Pb”).

Bi-In-Sn

Seung Wook Yoon, B-S Rho, H M Lee, C-U Kim, B-J Lee; Metall. Mater. Trans. 1999, 30A, 1503-1514. Modified by A Kroupa, October 2005

Bi-Sb-Sn

D Manasijevic, J Vrestral, D Minic, A Kroupa, D Zivkovic, Z Zivkovic "Phase equilibria and thermodynamics of the Bi-Sb-Sn ternary system" J. Alloys and Compounds,  438, n 1-2, p 150-157,  July 12, 2007

Bi-Sn-Zn

J Vizdal M H Bragga A Kroupa K W Richter D Soares L F Malheiros J Ferreira "Thermodynamic Assessment of the Bi-Sn-Zn System" Calphad 31(4) 438-448 (2007)

C-Co-Cr

The data for the C-Co-Cr system are from an assessment by Weidling and Jansson (A Weidling and B Jansson, CALPHAD 1997, 21(3), 321-333 “A Thermodynamic Evaluation of the Co-Cr and the C-Co-Cr systems”)

C-Co-Fe

The data for the C-Co-Fe system are from an assessment by Fernandez Guillermet (A Fernandez Guillermet, Report TRITA-MAC 361 (1987), Z. Metallkde. 1988, 79(5), 317-329 “Thermodynamic properties of the Fe-Co-C system”). Additional data are further work by Fernandez Guillermet (A. Fernandez Guillermet, Report TRITA-MAC 362 (1988), Z. Metallkde. 1988, 79, 524-536 “Thermodynamic properties of the Fe-Co-Ni-C system”) and Jansson (B. Jansson, IM report (1987)).

C-Co-Ni

The data for the C-Co-Ni system are from the assessment of Fernandez Guillermet (A. Fernandez Guillermet, Report TRITA-MAC 362 (1988), Z. Metallkde. 1988, 79, 524-536 “Thermodynamic properties of the Fe-Co-Ni-C system”) supplemented by work by Jansson (B. Jansson, IM report (1987)).

C-Co-W

Data for the C-Co-W system are from an assessment of Fernandez Guillermet (A Fernandez Guillermet, Report TRITA-MAC 371 (1988), Metall. Trans. A 1989, 20(5), 935-956 “Thermodynamic properties of the Co-W-C system”) supplemented by work by Jansson (B. Jansson, IM report (1987)).

C-Cr-Fe

Data for the C-Cr-Fe system are from an assessment by Andersson (J-O Andersson, Report TRITA 0207 (1986), Metall. Trans A, 1988, 19(3), 627-636 “A Thermodynamic evaluation of the Fe-Cr-C system”). Modified data for the Liquid phase were taken from the work of B J Lee (B J Lee CALPHAD 1993, 17, 251 “Revision of thermodynamic descriptions of the Fe-Cr And Fe-Ni liquid phases”).

C-Cr-Mn

Data for the C-Cr-Mn system are the assessment of Lee et al (B-J Lee, Rizzo H F, Massalski T B, Nastasi M, Metall. Trans. A, 1993, 24, 1017-1025 “A thermodynamic Evaluation of the Fe-Cr-Mn-C system”).

C-Cr-Mo

Data for the C-Cr-Mo system are from the assessments of  Caian Qui, (Caian Qui, Report TRITA-MAC 482 (1992),  Hillert M, Qiu C,  J. Phase Equil., 1992, 13(5), 512-521 “A reassessment of the Fe-Cr-Mo-C system”, Qiu C, J. Alloys and Compounds, 1993, 199(1-2), 53-59 “Thermodynamic analysis and calculation of the Cr-Mo-C system”).

C-Cr-N

Data for the C-Cr-N system are from unpublished work by Gustafson (P Gustafson, Inst. Met. Res. (Sweden) (1990)).

C-Cr-Ni

Lee B-J, Calphad, 1992, 16(2), 121-149 "On the stability of Cr carbides" and NPL, unpublished work, 1989. Other assessments include that of Hillert and Caian Qiu (Hillert M, Qiu C, Metall. Trans. A, 1991, 22(10), 2187-2198 “A thermodynamic assessment of the Fe-Cr-Ni-C system”), Metall. Trans. A, 1992, 23A, 1593-1595. Additional data are from the assessments of Kajihara and Hillert, (M Kajihara, M Hillert, Metall. Trans. A, 1990, 21, 2777-2787 “Thermodynamic evaluation of the Cr-Ni-C system ”).

C-Cr-Si

Y. Du, J.C. Schuster, L. Perring, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 83 (2000) 2067-73

C-Cr-Ti

J.C. Schuster, Y. Du, Calphad 23 (1999) 393-408

C-Cr-V

Data for the C-Cr-V system are from the assessment of Lee and Lee (Lee B-J, Lee D N, Report TRITA-MAC 474 (1991), Report TRITA-MAC 475 (1991), J. Phase Equil., 1992, 13(4), 349-364 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Fe-Cr-V-C system”).

C-Cr-W

Data for the C-Cr-W system are from the assessment of Gustafson (P. Gustafson, Report TRITA-MAC 348, (1987), Metall. Trans. A, 1988, 19(10), 2547-2554 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the C-Cr-Fe-W system”)

C-Cu-Fe

Data for the C-Cu-Fe system are from an unpublished assessment of Gustafson (P Gustafson, Inst. Met. Res. (IM-2549, 1990))

C-Fe-Mn

Data for the C-Fe-Mn system are from the assessment of Huang (W. Huang, Report TRITA-MAC 411 (Rev 1989), Metall. Trans. 1990, 21(8), 2115-2123 “A thermodynamic assessment of the Fe-Mn-C system”).

C-Fe-Mo

Data for the C-Fe-Mo system are from an assessment by Andersson (J-O Andersson, Report TRITA 0321 (1986), CALPHAD 1988, 12(1), 9-23 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Fe-Mo-C system”). Further data are taken from the assessment of Caian Qui (Hillert M, Qiu C, Report TRITA-MAC 482 (1992) Revision,  J. Phase Equil., 1992, 13(5), 512-521 “A reassessment of the Fe-Cr-Mo-C system”)

C-Fe-N

Data for the C-Fe-N system are from an assessment of Du and  Hillert (H Du, M. Hillert, Report TRITA-MAC 435(1990), Z. Metallkde, 1991, 82(4), 310-316 “An assessment of the Fe-C-N system”).

C-Fe-Nb

Data for the C-Fe-Nb system are from the assessment of Huang (W Huang, Report TRITA-MAC 390 (1989), Z. Metallkde. 1990,  81(6), 397-404  “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Fe-Nb-C system”).

C-Fe-Ni

Data for the C-Fe-Ni system are from the assessment of Gabriel et al (A Gabriel, P Gustafson, I Ansara, Report TRITA-MAC 285 (1986), CALPHAD 1987, 11(3), 203-218 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the C-Fe-Ni system”).

C-Fe-Si

Data for the C-Fe-Si system are based on the assessment of Lacaze and Sundman ((J Lacaze, B Sundman, Metall. Trans. A, 1991, 22A, 2211 “An assessment of the Fe-C-Si system”) but modified by Miettinen (J Miettinen CALPHAD 1998, 22(2), 231-256 “Reassessed thermodynamic solution phase data for ternary Fe-Si-C system”).

C-Fe-Ti

L.F.S. Dumitrescu, M. Hillert: ISIJ Int. 39 (1999) 84-90.

C-Fe-V

Data for the C-Fe-V system are taken the assessments of W Huang (W Huang Report TRITA-MAC 432 (1990), Z. Metallkde, 1991, 82(5), 391-401 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Fe-V-C system”) and Lee and Lee (Lee B-J, Lee D N, Report TRITA-MAC 474 (1991), CALPHAD, 1991, 15(3), 293-306 “A thermodynamic study on the Fe-V-C system”).

C-Fe-W

Data for the C-Fe-W system are from the assessment of Gustafson (P Gustafson, Report TRITA 0257 (1985), Metall. Trans A 1987, 18, 175-188 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the C-Fe-W system”, P Gustafson, Report TRITA-MAC 331 (1987), Z. Metallkde. 1988, 79(7), 421-425 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the C-Fe-Mo-W system”).

C-Mn-Si

The data for the C-Mn-Si system are from an unpublished NPL assessment (1989). Data for the hcp_a3 phase were added by A T Dinsdale (October 2006).

C-Mn-V

Data for the C-Mn-V system are from the assessments of W Huang (W Huang Report TRITA-MAC 441 (1990), Met. Trans. A, 1991, 22(9), 1911-1920 “Thermodynamic properties of the Fe-Mn-V-C system”, Fernandez Guillermet A, Huang W, Int. J. Thermophys., 1991, 12(6), 1077-1102 “Thermodynamic analysis of stable and metastable carbides in the Manganese-Vanadium-Carbon System and Predicted Phase Diagram”).

C-Mo-N

K. Frisk, B. Uhrenius Metall. Mater. Trans. 27A (1996) 2869-2880

C-Mo-Ti

H.-J. Chung, J.-H. Shim, D.N. Lee, J. Alloys Comp. 282 (1999) 142-148

C-Mo-V

Data for the C-Mo-V system are from an unpublished assessment of Gustafson (P Gustafson, Inst. Met. Res. (Sweden) (1990)).

C-Mo-W

Data for the C-Mo-W system are taken from the assessments of Gustafson (P. Gustafson, Report TRITA-MAC 330 (1987), Z. Metallkde. 1988, 79, (6), 397-402 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the C-Mo-W system”, P. Gustafson, TRITA-MAC 331 (1987),  Z. Metallkde, 1988, 79(7), 421-425 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the C-Fe-Mo-W system”).

C-N-Ti

S. Jonsson, Z. Metallkd. 87 (1996) 713-720; TRITA-MAC 0506, 1992. B.-J. Lee: Metall. Mater. Trans. A 32A (2001) 2423-2439

C-Ni-Si

Y. Du, J.C. Schuster, Metall. Mater. Trans. A 30A (1999) 2409-2418

C-Ni-Ti

Data for the C-Ni-Ti system are taken from the assessment of Du and Schuster; (Du Yong, J C Schuster Z Metallkde. 1998, 89(6), 399-410 “Experimental investigation and thermodynamic modeling of the Ni-Ti-C system”).

C-Ni-W

Data for the C-Ni-W system are from the assessment of Gustafson et al (P Gustafson, A Gabriel, I Ansara, TRITA 0263(1985), Z Metallkde, 1986, 78, 151-156).

C-Si-Ni

Y. Du, J.C. Schuster, H. Seifert, F. Aldinger, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 83 (2000) 197-203; adjustments made by Peter Franke

C-Ti-W

S. Jonsson, Z. Metallkd. 87 (1996) 788-795

C-V-W

J. Bratberg, Z. Metallkd. 96 (2005) 335-344

Cd-Ga-In

The data for the Cd-Ga-In system are from  the assessment of Zakulski et al (Zakulski W, Moser Z, Rzyman K, Lukas H L, Fries S G, Sikiennik M, Kaczmarczyk R, Castanet R, J. Phase Equil. 1993,14(2),184-196 “Thermodynamic studies and phase diagrams of the Cd-Ga-In system”

Co-Cr-W

Data for the Co-Cr-W system are from an unpublished assessment of Jansson (B. Jansson, IM report (1987)).

Co-Fe-N

The data for the Co-Fe-N system are from the assessment of Fernandez Guillermet and Jonsson (A Fernandez Guillermet and S Jonsson, Z. Metallkde., 1992, 83(3) , 165-175 “Thermodynamic analysis of the Fe-Co-N system and predictive approach to the phase diagram”). Note: the Fe-N dataset has been modified since this assessment.

Co-Fe-W

Data for the Co-Fe-W system are from the assessment of Fernandez Guillermet (A Fernandez Guillermet, Report TRITA-MAC 372 (1988), Z. Metallkde., 1988, 79(10), 633-642 “Thermodynamic calculation of the Fe-Co-W phase diagram”).

Co-Ni-W

Data for the Co-Ni-W system are taken from the assessment of Fernandez Guillermet (A Fernandez Guillermet, Report TRITA-MAC 373(1988) “Thermodynamics of the Co-Ni-W: A preliminary Calphad analysis”).

Cr-Fe-Mn

Data for the Cr-Fe-Mn system are from the assessment of Lee (B-J Lee, Metall. Trans. A 1993, 24(9), 1919-1933 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Cr-Mn and Fe-Cr-Mn systems”).

Cr-Fe-Mo

The data for the Cr-Fe-Mo system are from the assessment of Andersson and Lange (J-O Andersson, N Lange Report TRITA 0322 (1986), Metall Trans A, 1988, 19(6), 1385-1394 “An experimental study and a thermodynamic evaluation of the Fe-Cr-Mo system”).

Cr-Fe-N

Data for the Cr-Fe-N system are from an assessment of Frisk (K Frisk, Report TRITA 0409 (1989), Report TRITA-MAC 422 (1990), Metall. Trans. A, 1990, 21(9), 2477-2488 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Cr-Fe-N system”).

Cr-Fe-Ni

Data for the Cr-Fe-Ni system are from an unpublished assessment of NPL and KTH. The liquid data have been modified by Lee (B-J Lee, CALPHAD 1993, 17(3), 251 “Revision of thermodynamic descriptions of the Fe-Cr And Fe-Ni liquid phases”). Modifications to FCC_L12 by P. Franke

Cr-Fe-P

The data for the Cr-Fe-P system are taken from the assessment of Miettinen (J Miettinen, CALPHAD, 1999, , 23(1), 141-154 “Thermodynamic description of Cr-P and Fe-Cr-P systems at low phosphorus contents”).

Cr-Fe-Si

M. Lindholm: J. Phase Equilib. 18 (1997) 432-440 but with amendments from Peter Franke.

Cr-Fe-Ti

Estimated by Peter Franke, 2008

Cr-Fe-V

Data for the Cr-Fe-V system are from an assessment by Lee (B-J Lee, Report TRITA-MAC 474 (1991), Z. Metallkde., 1992, 83(5), 292-299 “A thermodynamic Evaluation of the Fe-Cr-V system”).

Cr-Fe-W

Data for the Cr-Fe-W system are from an assessment by Gustafson (Gustafson P, Report TRITA-MAC 342, (1987), Metall. Trans. A, 1988, 19(10), 2531-2546 “An experimental study and a thermodynamic evaluation of the Cr-Fe-W  system”).

Cr-Mn-N

Data for the Cr-Mn-N system are from an assessment by Frisk (K Frisk, CALPHAD 1993, 17(3), 335-349 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Cr-Mn-N system”).

Cr-Mn-Ti

L.Y. Chen, C.H. Li, K. Wang, H.Q. Dong, X.G. Lu, W.Z. Ding, Calphad 2009, 33(4), 658-663. "Thermodynamic modelling of Ti-Cr-Mn ternary system".

Cr-Mo-N

Data for the Cr-Mo-N system are taken from an assessment by Frisk (K Frisk, Report TRITA-MAC 393 (1989), CALPHAD, 1991, 15(1), 79-106; “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Cr-N, Fe-N, Mo-N and Cr-Mo-N systems”).

Cr-Mo-Ni

Data for the Cr-Mo-Ni system have been taken from the assessment of Frisk (K Frisk, Report TRITA-MAC 429 (1990)).

Cr-Mo-W

Data for Cr-Mo-W system are taken from an assessment of Frisk and Gustafson (Frisk K, Gustafson P, Report TRITA-MAC 342, (1987), CALPHAD, 1988, 12(3), 247-254 “An assessment of the Cr-Mo-W system”. Additional data were provided by Gustafson (P Gustafson, TRITA-MAC 354 (1987) “A thermodynamic investigation of the C-Cr-Fe-Mo-W system”).

Cr-N-Ni

Data for the Cr-N-Ni system were assessed by Frisk (K Frisk, Report TRITA-MAC 422 (1990)).

Cr-N-Ti

Data for the Cr-N-Ti system were taken from an unpublished assessment by Gustafson (P Gustafson, Inst. Met. Res. (Sweden) (1990)).

Cr-N-V

Data for the Cr-N-V system were taken from an unpublished assessment by Gustafson (P Gustafson, Inst. Met. Res. (Sweden) (1990)).

Cr-N-W

Data for the Cr-N-W system were taken from an unpublished assessment by Gustafson (P Gustafson, Inst. Met. Res. (Sweden) (1990)).

Cr-Ni-Ta

Data for the Cr-Ni-Ta system have been assessed by Dupin and Ansara (N Dupin, I Ansara, Z Metallkde 1996 87(7), 555-561 “Thermodynamic assessment of the Cr-Ni-Ta system”).

Cr-Ni-W

Data for the Cr-Ni-W system were taken from the assessment of Gustafson (P Gustafson, Report TRITA-MAC 320 (1986), CALPHAD 1987, 12(3), 277-292 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Cr-Ni-W system”).

Cr-Si-Ti

Y. Du, J.C. Schuster, Scand. J. Metall. 31 (2002) 25-33

Cr-Ti-V

G. Ghosh, J. Phase Equilibria 23 (2002) 310-328

Cu-Fe-Ni

Data for the Cu-Fe-Ni system were taken from the assessment of Jansson (A Jansson, Report TRITA-MAC 340 (1987) “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Cu-Fe-Ni system”).

Cu-In-Sn

X J Liu, H S Liu, I Ohnuma, R Kainuma, K Ishida, S Itabashi, K Kameda, K, Yamaguchi J. Electron. Mater.; 2001, 30(9), 1093 with modifications by Jan Vrestal - May 2005, Oct 2006

Cu-Fe-P

Data for the Cu-Fe-P system are taken from the unpublished assessment of Gustafson (P Gustafson, Inst. Met. Res. (IM-2549, 1990)).

Cu-Ni-Pb

Cui Ping Wang, Xing Jun Liu, I Ohnuma, R Kainuma, K Ishida, CALPHAD, 2000, 24(2), 149-167 "Thermodynamic assessment of the Cu-Ni-Pb system"

Cu-Ni-Sn

Originally based on the assessment of Mietinen, Lab. of Metall., Finland,revised here by Adele Zemenova and Ales Kroupa to model  the Ni3Sn phase as a bcc_a2 and to ensure compatibility with adopted unary and binary data. Further revisions provided October 2006. Problem with Ni3Sn2 phase - seems to have multiple minima which cause unexpected stability

Dy-Fe-Tb

The data for Dy-Tb system are taken from the assessment of Landin and Agren (S Landin, J Agren, J. Alloys and Compounds 1994, 207/208, 449-453 “Thermodynamic assessment of Fe-Tb and Fe-Dy phase diagrams and prediction of Fe-Tb-Dy phase diagram”).

Fe-Mn-N

The data for the Fe-Mn-N system are taken from the assessment of Caian Qiu (Caian Qiu, Report TRITA-MAC-0493, Metall. Trans A., 1993, 24(3), 629-645 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Fe-Mn-N system”).

Fe-Mn-Ni

From P. Franke 2008

Fe-Mn-Si

Data for the Fe-Mn-Si system are taken from the assessment of Forsberg and Agren (A Forsberg, J Agren, Report TRITA-MAC 483 (1992), J. Phase Equil., 1993, 14(3), 354-363 “Thermodynamic evaluation of the Fe-Mn-Si system and the Gamma/Epsilon martensitic transformation”).

Fe-Mn-V

Data for the Fe-Mn-V system are taken from the assessment of Huang (W Huang, Report TRITA-MAC 441 (1990), CALPHAD, 1991, 15(2), 195-208 “A thermodynamic analysis of the Mn-V and Fe-Mn-V systems”).

Fe-Mo-N

Data for the Fe-Mo-N system are taken from an assessment of Frisk (K Frisk, TRITA-MAC 433 (1990)).

Fe-Mo-Ni

Data for the Fe-Mo-Ni system are taken from an assessment of Frisk (K. Frisk, TRITA-MAC 428 (1990), Met. Trans. A, 1992, 23(2), 639-649 “An experimental and theoretical study of the phase equilibria in the Fe-Mo-Ni system”).

Fe-Mo-P

Data for the Fe-Mo-P system are taken from the unpublished assessment of Gustafson (P Gustafson, Inst. Met. Res. (IM-2549, 1990)).

Fe-Mo-V

The source of the data for the Fe-Mo-V system is unknown.

Fe-Mo-W

Data for the Fe-Mo-W system are taken from an assessment of Gustafson (P Gustafson, TRITA-MAC 329 (1987), Z. Metallkde, 1988, 79(6), 388-396 “An experimental study and a thermodynamic evaluation of the Fe-Mo-W system”).

Fe-N-Ni

Data for the Fe-N-Ni system are taken from an assessment of Frisk (K Frisk, Report TRITA-MAC 422 (1990), Z. Metallkde, 1991, 82(1), 59-66 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Fe-Ni-N system”).

Fe-N-Ti

Data for the Fe-N-Ti system are taken from the assessment of Ohtani and Hillert (H Ohtani, M Hillert, CALPHAD, 1991, 15(1), 41-52 “A thermodynamic assessment of the Fe-N-Ti system”).

Fe-N-V

Data for the Fe-N-V system are taken from the assessment of Ohtani and Hillert (H Ohtani, M Hillert, CALPHAD, 1991, 15(1), 25-39 “A thermodynamic assessment of the Fe-N-V system”).

Fe-N-W

Data for the Fe-N-W system are taken from an unpublished assessment of Gustafson (P Gustafson, Inst. Met. Res. (Sweden) (1990)).

Fe-Ni-P

Data for the Fe-Ni-P system are taken from an unpublished assessment of Gustafson (P Gustafson, Inst. Met. Res. (IM-2549, 1990)).

Fe-Ni-W

Data for the Fe-Ni-W system are taken from an assessment of data by Fernandez Guillermet and Ostlund (A Fernandez Guillermet, L Ostlund, Report TRITA-MAC 258 (1985), Met. Trans. A 1986, 17(10), 1809-1823 “Experimental and theoretical study of the phase equilibria in the Fe-Ni-W system”).

Fe-Ti-W

C- Qiu, Z.-P. Jin, Scripta Metall. 28 (1993) 85-90

Fe-U-Zr

Data for the Fe-U-Zr system are from the assessment of Kurata et al (Kurata M, Ogata T, Nakamura K, Ogawa T, J. Alloys Compd., 1998, 271-273, 636-640 “Thermodynamic assessment of the Fe-U, U-Zr and Fe-U-Zr systems”).

Ga-In-Sb

The data for the Ga-In-Sb system are from the assessment of Janrong and Watson (Yang J, Watson A, CALPHAD 1994, 18(2), 165-175 “An assessment of phase diagram and thermodynamic properties of the Gallium-Indium-Antimony system”).

In-Sb-Sn

D Manasijevic, J Vrestral, D Minic, A Kroupa, D Zivkovic, Z Zivkovic J. Alloys and Compounds, v 438, n 1-2, p 150-157, July 12, 2007, "Experimental investigation and thermodynamic description of the In-Sb-Sn ternary system". Some data modified.

In-Sn-Zn

Y.Cui, X.J.Liu, I.Ohnuma, R.Kainuma, H.Ohtani, K.Ishida:  J.of Alloys and Compounds 320, 234-241 (2001)

Mo-N-Ni

K. Frisk, Metall. Trans. A 23A (1992) 1271-1278, TRITA-MAC 0433 (1990)

Mo-Ni-W

No complete assessment were carried out, but data implied from  unassessed parameter for the MU and SIGMA phases formed from linear combination of unary data.

N-Si-Ti

Based on X. Ma, C. Li, W. Zhang, J.Alloys.Comp. 394 (2005) 138-147 but using alternative Ti-binary systems

Pb-Pd-Sn

The data for the Pb-Pd-Sn system are from the assessment of Ghosh (G Ghosh; Metall. Mater. Trans. A 1999, 30A, 5-18 “Thermodynamic modeling of the Palladium-Lead-Tin system”).

Quaternary systems

C-Cr-Fe-Mn

The data for the C-Cr-Fe-Mn system are from the assessment of B-J Lee (B-J Lee, Rizzo H F, Massalski T B, Nastasi M, Metall. Trans. A; 1993, 24A, 1017-1025. “A Thermodynamic Evaluation of the Fe-Cr-Mn-C system”).

C-Cr-Fe-Mo

Data for the C-Cr-Fe-Mo system are from an assessment of Caian Qiu (Caian Qiu, Report TRITA-MAC-0482, Hillert M, Qiu C, J. Phase Equil., 1992, 13(5), 512-521 “A reassessment of the Fe-Cr-Mo-C system”).

C-Cr-Fe-Ni

B.-J. Lee, unpublished rev. 1991, from SSOL 1992

C-Cr-Fe-V

Data for the C-Cr-Fe-V system are taken from the assessment of Lee and Lee (B-J Lee, D N Lee, J. Phase Equil. 1992, 13(4), 349-364. “A Thermodynamic evaluation of the Fe-Cr-V-C system”).

C-Cr-Mo-V

J. Bratberg, Z. Metallkd. 96 (2005) 335-344

C-Fe-Mn-V

Data for the C-Fe-Mn-V system are from the assessment of Huang (W Huang Metall. Trans. A 1991, 22A, 1911-1920, “Thermodynamic properties of the Fe-Mn-V-C system”).

Cr-Fe-Mn-N

C. Qiu, Metall. Trans. A 24A (1993) 2393-2409, & TRITA-MAC 0507

Cr-Fe-N-Ni

Data for the Cr-Fe-N-Ni system are taken from an assessment by Frisk (K Frisk, Thesis, Report TRITA-MAC-0422, Z. Metallkde, 1991, 82(2), 108-117 “A thermodynamic evaluation of the Cr-Fe-Ni-N system”).

 

 

Updated 17 May 2011