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Technical Guides - Speed of Sound in Pure Water

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References

  1. V.A. Belogol'skii, S.S. Sekoyan, L.M. Samorukova, S.R. Stefanov and V.I. Levtsov (1999), Pressure dependence of the sound velocity in distilled water, Measurement Techniques, Vol 42, No 4, pp 406-413.
  2. N. Bilaniuk and G. S. K. Wong (1993), Speed of sound in pure water as a function of temperature, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 93(3) pp 1609-1612, as amended by N. Bilaniuk and G. S. K. Wong (1996), Erratum: Speed of sound in pure water as a function of temperature [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 93, 1609-1612 (1993)], J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 99(5), p 3257.
  3. C-T Chen and F.J. Millero (1977), The use and misuse of pure water PVT properties for lake waters, Nature Vol 266, 21 April 1977, pp 707-708.
  4. V.A. Del Grosso and C.W. Mader (1972), Speed of sound in pure water, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 52, pp 1442-1446.
  5. K. Fujii and R. Masui (1993), Accurate measurements of the sound velocity in pure water by combining a coherent phase-detection technique and a variable path-length interferometer, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 93, pp 276-282.
  6. International Association for the Properties of Water and Steam (1995), Release on the IAPWS Formulation 1995 for the Thermodynamic Properties of Ordinary Water substance for General and Scientific Use, Executive Secretary R.B. Dooley, Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto.
  7. G. S. Kell (1977), Thermodynamic and transport properties of fluid water, in Water: a comprehensive treatise, edited by F. Franks, Plenum, New York, (1972) 1st edition, 4th printing (1983), Vol 1, Ch 10, pp 376-378.
  8. W. Kroebel and K-H. Mahrt (1976), Recent results of absolute sound velocity measurements in pure water and sea water at atmospheric pressure, Acustica 35, pp 154-164.
  9. V.I.Levtsov, G.N. Ovodov, L.M. Samorukova, S.S. Sekoyan and S.R. Stefanov (1997), Measuring the acoustic velocity of distilled water in the hydrostatic temperature and pressure range, Measurement Techniques, Vol. 40, No 10, pp 990-994.
  10. J. Lubbers and R. Graaff (1998), A simple and accurate formula for the sound velocity in water, Ultrasound Med. Biol. Vol 24, No 7, pp 1065-1068.
  11. W. Marczak (1997), Water as a standard in the measurements of speed of sound in liquids J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 102(5) pp 2776-2779.
  12. M. O'Donnell, E.T. Jaynes and J.G. Miller (1981), Kramers-Kronig relationship between ultrasonic attenuation and phase velocity (1981), J. Acoust. Soc. Am. Vol 69, No 3, pp 696-701.
  13. A. Saul and W. Wagner (1989), A fundamental equation for water covering the range from the melting line to 1273K at pressures up to 25,000 MPa , J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, Vol 18. No 4 pp 1537-1564.
  14. S. Wiryana, L.J. Slutsky and J.M. Brown (1998), The equation of state of water to 200°C and 3.5 GPa: model potentials and the experimental pressure scale, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 163, pp 123-130.

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Please contact Stephen Robinson